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Table 2 Univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis showing predictors of knowledge levels (good vs. poor) (n = 609)

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding dengue virus infection among inhabitants of Aceh, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

Independent variable Univariate   Multivariate  
OR (95% CI) P-value aOR (95% CI) P–value
Regency   < 0.001
 Aceh Besar 1    
 Aceh Tengah 0.26 (0.12–0.55)   
 Langsa 0.35 (0.17–0.68)   
 Aceh Utara 1.16 (0.60–2.24)   
 Aceh Singkil 1.13 (0.58–2.19)   
 Sabang 4.86 (2.24–10.55)   
 Aceh Timur 2.18 (1.11–4.30)   
 Aceh Selatan 0.45 (0.24–0.85)   
 Aceh Tamiang 1.33 (0.69–2.57)   
Age group (years)   0.159   0.639
 17–29 1   1  
 30–44 0.85 (0.60–1.21)   0.97 (0.55–1.70)
 45–59 0.61 (0.35–1.05)   0.65 (0.28–1.51)
 60–84 0.29 (0.06–1.45)   0.48 (0.07–3.09)
Sex   0.144   0.215
 Male 1   1  
 Female 1.29 (0.91–1.84)   1.29 (0.86–1.94)
Education   < 0.001   0.002
 Illiterate 1   1  
 Primary school 1.85 (0.32–10.61)   1.80 (0.28–11.57)
 Junior high school 1.08 (0.18–6.32)   0.66 (0.10–4.41)
 Senior high school 3.52 (0.77–16.02)   1.44 (0.27–7.67)
 Diploma 6.88 (1.49–31.67)   2.34 (0.42–12.78)
 Graduated 13.81 (3.01–63.29)   3.95 (0.72–21.63)
Occupation   < 0.001   0.155
 Farmer 1   1  
 Civil servant 8.84 (4.45–17.58)   1.40 (0.75–2.9
 Private employee 8.81 (4.22–18.37)   1.06 (0.57–1.99)
 Entrepreneur 4.25 (2.09–8.64)   0.47 (0.63–1.19)
 Student/University student 5.76 (2.89–11.48)   1.39 (0.10–3.04)
Religion   0.248   0.585
 Muslim 1   1  
 Other 0.38 (0.07–1.93)   0.612 (0.10–3.57)
Marital status   0.045   0.856
 Unmarried 1   1  
 Married 0.67 (0.48–0.93)   0.96 (0.55–1.66)
 Widowed 1.19 (0.45–3.12)   1.75 (0.50–6.14)
Monthly income (IDR)   < 0.001   0.073
  < 1 million 1   1  
 1 – ≤ 2 million 0.85 (0.55–1.31)   0.89 (0.53–1.50)
 2 – ≤ 3 million 2.39 (1.50–3.83)   1.74 (0.92–3.28)
  > 3 million 3.06 (1.80–5.20)   2.14 (1.03–4.41)
Socioeconomic status   < 0.001   0.025
 Poorest quintile 1   1  
 2nd 1.62 (0.94–2.77)   0.93 (0.50–1.71)
 3rd 2.23 (1.31–3.80)   1.72 (0.95–3.12)
 4th 2.63 (1.54–4.48)   1.39 (0.75–2.58)
 Richest quintile 5.24 (3.03–9.06)   2.13 (1.10–4.11)
Type of residence   < 0.001   0.610
 City 1   1  
 Suburb 0.51 (0.36–0.72)   0.76 (0.40–1.43)
Family member(s) suffered from dengue fever   0.989   
 Yes 1  
 No 1.00 (0.68–1.47)    
Personally suffered from dengue fever     
 Yes 1 0.081 1 0.402
 No 0.61 (0.35–1.06)   0.75 (0.60–1.42)  
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratio, IDR Indonesian rupiah