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Table 4 Odds Ratio (OR) Between Diabetes and Infection Over the Full Follow-up Period: Crude and Adjusted Results

From: Diabetes and the occurrence of infection in primary care: a matched cohort study

Type of Infection Crude OR 95%CI P value Adjusted OR 95%CI P value
Any Infection 0.96 0.86–1.06 0.399 1.21 1.07–1.37 0.002
Head & Neck 0.90 0.74–1.11 0.328 1.13 0.89–1.43 0.313
Respiratory 0.84 0.75–0.94 0.003 1.30 1.13–1.48 < 0.001
Gastrointestinal 1.38 1.15–1.67 < 0.001 1.40 1.12–1.75 0.003
Genitourinary 1.10 0.94–1.29 0.238 1.48 1.22–1.81 < 0.001
Skin & Soft Tissue 1.43 1.21–1.69 < 0.001 1.66 1.37–2.02 < 0.001
Musculoskeletal 0.97 0.82–1.14 0.714 1.05 0.87–1.28 0.598
Viral 1.21 0.95–1.55 0.115 1.15 0.86–1.54 0.351
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, smoking, comorbidities (microvascular disease [nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy], macrovascular disease [coronary artery disease, peripheral and cerebral vascular disease], heart failure, respiratory disease, dyslipidemia, fatty liver disease, and obesity), medications (acid inhibitors, respiratory system medications, anti-lipids and vaccines) and number of infections in the year prior to enrollment