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Table 1 Patients’ baseline characteristics

From: Long-term Lactobacillus rhamnosus BMX 54 application to restore a balanced vaginal ecosystem: a promising solution against HPV-infection

VARIABLES GROUP 1 (n = 60) GROUP 2 (n = 57) p-value
Age, mean ± SD 32.4 ± 10.5 29.1 ± 8.9 NS
Use of contraceptive methods 35 (58.3%) 33 (57.8%) NS
Regular menses 47 (73.3%) 48 (84.2%) NS
Symptoms prevalence (vaginal itching and burning, dyspareunia and dysuria) 53 (88.3%) 49 (85.9%) NS
Smoking 25 (41.6%) 19 (33.3%) NS
Multiple partners 5 (8.3%) 6 (10.5%) NS
Previous deliveries 31 (51.6%) 33 (57.9%) NS
Bacterial vaginosis 33 (55.0%) 31 (54.4%) NS
Yeast vaginitis 27 (45.0%) 26 (45.6%) NS
Pap smear alterations 40 (66.6%) 39 (68.4%) NS
Associated HPV DNA+ 35 (58.3%) 33 (57.8%)
HPV DNA+ alone 20 (33.3%) 18 (31.6%) NS
HPV DNA+ patients (total) 55 (91.7%) 51 (89.4%) NS
HPV DNA negative patients with PAP smear abnormalities 5 (8.3%) 6 (10.5%) NS
  1. NS not significant