Skip to main content

Table 1 Seminal HPV prevalence by types according to population

From: Human papillomavirus in semen and the risk for male infertility: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  General Population Fertility Clinic Attendees
  No. of studies No. of HPV positive HPV DNA prevalence (%) (95%CIa) No. of studies No. of HPV positive HPV DNA prevalence(%) (95%CIa)
Total 15 221 11.4 (7.8-15.0) 20 517 20.4 (16.2-24.6)
 High-risk 10 123 10.0 (5.9-14.0) 15 314 15.5 (11.4-19.7)
 Low-risk 7 97 8.3 (4.1-12.5) 10 166 10.3 (6.8-13.9)
Individual Type
Clade 9 7 67 7.4 (3.3-11.6) 14 197 10.6 (7.3-13.9)
 HPV16 7 43 4.8 (1.7-7.8) 14 122 6.0 (3.8-8.2)
 HPV31 3 9 1.1 (0.0-2.5) 5 17 1.0 (0.5-1.5)
 HPV33 2 5 0.8 (0.1-1.5) 4 12 0.6 (0.0-1.2)
 HPV35 1 2 1.1 (0.4-2.5) 2 3 0.4 (0.0-0.8)
 HPV52 2 6 1.2 (0.0-3.5) 7 27 1.2 (0.6-1.7)
 HPV58 2 2 0.6 (0.0-1.6) 4 16 0.8 (0.0-2.1)
Clade 7 6 31 2.3(1.3-3.3) 8 93 4.1 (1.7-6.5)
 HPV18 6 11 0.8 (0.1-1.6) 8 33 1.1 (0.1-2.1)
 HPV39 1 3 0.6 (0.0-1.2) 3 9 0.5 (0.0-1.0)
 HPV45 1 1 0.2 (0.0-0.6) 4 22 1.2 (0.1-2.3)
 HPV59 3 7 0.9 (0.0-2.1) 4 19 1.1 (0.3-1.9)
 HPV68 1 7 1.3 (0.4-2.3) 2 6 0.5 (0.1-1.0)
 HPV70 1 2 0.2 (0.0-4.7) 4 4 0.2 (0.0-0.5)
Clade 10 5 18 2.6 (0.6-4.6) 10 60 2.4 (1.0-3.7)
 HPV6 5 15 2.4 (0.3-4.5) 6 26 1.3 (0.3-2.3)
 HPV11 2 3 0.4 (0.0-0.9) 4 29 1.9 (0.0-3.8)
 HPV44 0 4 5 0.8 (0.0-1.6)
Clade 3 3 14 1.6 (0.7-2.4) 6 15 0.5 (0.1-1.0)
 HPV61 2 3 1.0 (0.0-2.2) 2 2 0.3 (0.0-0.8)
 HPV62 2 3 1.0 (0.0-2.2) 3 8 1.7 (0.5-2.9)
 HPV81 2 8 1.0 (0.2-1.7) 3 5 0.4 (0.0-0.7)
Clade 6 6 29 2.9 (0.6-5.2) 9 61 2.8 (1.4-4.2)
 HPV53 4 6 0.4 (0.0-1.0) 5 17 1.0 (0.2-1.7)
 HPV56 1 8 3.8 (1.2-6.3) 4 18 1.9 (0.0-3.9)
 HPV66 5 15 1.8 (0.2-3.4) 9 26 0.9 (0.5-1.4)
Clade 8 1 1 0.2 (0.0-0.6) 5 15 1.0 (0.1-1.8)
 HPV40 1 1 0.2 (0.0-0.6) 3 5 0.5 (0.0-1.4)
 HPV43 0 3 10 0.7 (0.0-1.9)
Clade 1       
 HPV42 3 15 3.1 (0.0-7.7) 4 20 1.2 (0.5-1.9)
Clade 5       
 HPV51 3 16 2.7 (0.7-4.6) 7 16 0.7 (0.2-1.3)
Clade 13       
 HPV54 2 3 0.4 (0.0-0.9) 6 14 0.7 (0.1-1.3)
  1. a Abbreviations: CI confidence interval