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Table 3 Viral hepatitis testing services providers and funding

From: Values, preferences and current hepatitis B and C testing practices in low- and middle-income countries: results of a survey of end users and implementers

  Number of LMIC
(% of LMIC represented in the survey)
HBV HCV
Testing service provider
 Public/government sector and private sector 15 (75%) 16 (72%)
 Public sector and NGO 1 (5%) 0
 Private sector only 2 (10%) 3 (13%)
 Public sector only 1 (5%) 1 (4.5%)
 Private and NGO or NGO only 1 (5%) 2 (9%)
Total 20 22
Staff providing hepatitis testing
 Highly skilled staff and less trained health-care workers 10 (50%) 11 (50%)
 Highly skilled staff only 9 (45%) 10 (45%)
 Other 0 1 (4.5%)
 Not sure 1 (5%) 0
 Total 20 22
Funding for testing
 Patients (i.e., self-funded or private insurance) 8 (40%) 10 (45%)
 Partially by government 12 (60%) 11 (50%)
 Other 0 1 (4.5%)
 Total 20 22