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Table 3 Risk factors for carriage of resistant bacteria* among children aged 0-10 years with respiratory tract symptoms in Primary Health Care. (n = 340)

From: Children with respiratory tract infections in Swedish primary care; prevalence of antibiotic resistance in common respiratory tract pathogens and relation to antibiotic consumption

Variable Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted **OR (95% CI)
Male sex 1.81 (0.91-3.60)  
Age (per year) 0.81 (0.69-0.95) 0.75 (0.57-0.99)
Hospital care last 6 m 1.70 (0.35-8.14)  
Abroad last 3 m 1.08 (0.50-2.31)  
Parents smoking 0.33 (0.08-1.43)  
Attending day care centre 2.69 (1.15-6.29) 2.63 (0.91-7.66)
Respiratory tract disease (asthma/ allergy) 0.20 (0.03-1.47)  
Pneumococcal vaccination (yes) 1.23 (0.35-4.34)  
Antibiotics previous 4 weeks 2.33 (0.94-5.81) 3.08 (1.13-8.42)
  1. Missing data regarding the variables were <10% in the children with, as well as, in the children without resistant bacteria
  2. *Growth of either penicillin non-susceptible pneumococci (PNSP) and/ or beta-lactamase producing Haemophilus influenzae and/or beta-lactamase negative ampicillin resistant Haemophilus influenzae (BLNAR)
  3. **Method: Backward Stepwise (Wald) Step 7