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Table 4 Culture-confirmed TB cases in different groups of the study population (n = 332)

From: Light-emitting diode fluorescent microscopy and Xpert MTB/RIF® assay for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis among patients attending Ambo hospital, west-central Ethiopia

Variables Tested (no (%) Culture-confirmed (no (%) p-value
Age (years) ≤14 44(13.3) 4(9.1)  
15–24 47(14.2) 12(25.5) 0.767
25–34 75(22.6) 17(22.7)
35–44 74(22.3) 8(10.8)
45–54 51(15.4) 4(7.8)
55–64 32(9.6) 0(0.0)
≥65 17(5.1) 0(0.0)
Sex Male 188(56.6) 23(12.2)  
Female 152(45.8) 22(14.5) 0.695
Occupation Employed 25(7.5) 6(24.0)  
Farmer 155(46.7) 17(10.9)  
Merchant 57(17.2) 9(15.8) 0.630
Daily laborer 18(5.3) 5(27.8)  
Student 48(14.1) 4(8.3)  
Housewife 18(5.1) 2(11.1)  
Others 19(5.7) 2(10.5)  
Education Primary 193(58.1) 26 (13.5)  
Secondary 48(14.5) 8(16.7) 0.099
Tertiary 17(5.1) 5(29.4)  
Uneducated 82(24.7) 6(7.3)  
HIV/AIDS status Positive 106(31.9) 11(10.4)  
Negative 194(58.4) 30(15.5)  
Unwilling to respond 7(2.1) 0(0.0) 0.327
Never tested 33(9.9) 4(12.1)  
Previous TB treatment Yes 131(39.5) 12(9.2) 0.920
No 209(62.9) 33(15.8)  
  1. *AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV human immunodeficiency virus