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Table 3 Clinical characteristics for cases and controls

From: Evaluation of candidemia in epidemiology and risk factors among cancer patients in a cancer center of China: an 8-year case-control study

Clinical characteristics Cases Controls p valuea
(80 cases) (160 cases)
Male (%) 39 (48.8) 78 (48.8) 1.000
Age > = 65 years old (%) 36 (45.0) 40 (25.0) 0.002
Length of hospital stay > = 30 days (%) 25 (31.3) 36 (22.5) 0.158
Surgery (%) 57 (71.2) 83 (51.9) 0.005
Central venous catheters >7 days (%) 63 (78.8) 95 (59.4) 0.003
Total parenteral nutrition >5 days (%) 48 (60.0) 23 (18.1) <0.001
Urinary catheter >2 days (%) 61 (76.2) 59 (36.9) <0.001
Nasogastric tube >3 days (%) 44 (55.0) 39 (24.4) <0.001
Mechanical ventilation >2 days (%) 8 (10.0) 7 (4.4) 0.098
Neutropenia (%) 11 (13.8) 24 (15.0) 0.849
Chemotherapy (%) 46 (57.5) 100 (62.5) 0.271
Distant organ metastasis of cancer (%) 32 (40.0) 27 (16.9) <0.001
Gastrointestinal cancer (%) 41 (51.3) 30 (18.8) <0.001
ICU admitted >3 days (%) 18 (22.5) 25 (15.6) 0.213
Medicine ward (%) 13 (16.2) 50 (31.2) 0.013
Surgery ward (%) 49 (61.3) 85 (53.1) 0.271
Previous antibiotics exposure (%) 75 (93.8) 130 (81.3) 0.011
  1. ICU intensive care unit
  2. aFisher’s exact test