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Table 4 Characteristics of subpopulations within the different modes of transmission with recent HIV infection among newly diagnosed HIV cases with DSS/DPS samples in Germany, 2008–2014

From: Surveillance of recent HIV infections among newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany between 2008 and 2014

Subpopulations Newly diagnosed HIV cases, n % Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis (n = 10,257)
Total With recent infection OR* 95% CI° OR* 95% CI°
MSM1 Men German Origin 4,654 1,652 35.5% (ref)   (ref)  
non-German Origin 944 316 33.5% 0.91 0.79–1.06 0.87 0.75–1.02
Unknown 395 127 32.2% 0.86 0.69–1.07 0.85 0.68–1.07
IDU2 Men German Origin 92 37 40.2% 1.22 0.80–1.86 1.35 0.88–2.06
non-German Origin 114 26 22.8% 0.54## 0.35–0.83 0.58## 0.37–0.91
Unknown 24 7 29.2% 0.75 0.31–1.81 0.76 0.31–1.85
Women German Origin 49 28 57.1% 2.42## 1.37–4.28 2.49## 1.40–4.41
non-German Origin 17 4 23.5% 0.56 0.18–1.72 0.52 0.17–1.61
Unknown 11 5 45.5% 1.51 0.46–4.97 1.50 0.45–4.99
HET3 Men German Origin 175 49 28.0% 0.71## 0.51–0.99 0.96 0.68–1.36
non-German Origin 414 66 15.9% 0.34# 0.26–0.45 0.39# 0.29–0.53
Unknown 13 6 46.2% 1.56 0.52–0.46 1.92 0.63–5.80
Women German Origin 347 95 27.4% 0.69## 0.54–0.87 0.70## 0.55–0.90
non-German Origin 901 168 18.6% 0.42# 0.35–0.50 0.44# 0.35–0.54
Unknown 59 9 15.3% 0.33## 0.16–0.67 0.34## 0.17–0.70
Unknown Men German Origin 960 236 24.6% 0.59# 0.51–0.69 0.67# 0.57–0.79
non-German Origin 351 67 19.1% 0.43# 0.33–0.56 0.48# 0.36–0.63
Unknown 405 116 28.6% 0.73## 0.58–0.91 0.80 0.62–1.03
Women German Origin 128 24 18.8% 0.42# 0.27–0.66 0.46# 0.30–0.73
non-German Origin 112 26 23.2% 0.58## 0.35–0.86 0.58## 0.37–0.91
Unknown 92 20 21.7% 0.50## 0.31–0.83 0.54## 0.32–0.90
Region of presumed infection
 Germany 7,124 2,346 32.9% (ref)   (ref)  
 Abroad 1,803 387 21.5% 0.56# 0.49–0.63 0.87 0.74–1.02
 Unknown 1,330 351 26.4% 0.73# 0.64–0.83 0.97 0.83–1.14
Age group
  < 25 years 1,216 523 43.0% (ref)   (ref)  
 25–34 years 3,443 1,091 31.7% 0.61# 0.54–0.70 0.63# 0.55–0.72
 35–44 years 2,986 846 28.3% 0.52# 0.46–0.60 0.53# 0.46–0.61
 45–54 years 1,838 470 25.6% 0.46# 0.39–0.53 0.45# 0.39–0.53
  > =55 years 774 154 19.9% 0.33# 0.27–0.41 0.34# 0.28–0.42
  1. 1 MSM men who have sex with men
  2. 2 IDU persons who are intravenous drug users
  3. 3 HET persons with heterosexual contact
  4. °95% CI: 95% Confidence interval
  5. *OR: odds ratio
  6. # p-value: p < =0.001
  7. ## p-value: p < =0.05