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Table 2 Characteristics and factors associated with recent HIV infection among newly diagnosed HIV cases using DSS/DPS samples in Germany, 2008–2014

From: Surveillance of recent HIV infections among newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany between 2008 and 2014

  Newly diagnosed HIV cases, n % Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis (n = 10,257)
Factor total with DSS/DPS4 with recent infection OR* 95% CI° OR* 95% CI°
Total 10,257 100% 3,084 30.01%     
Gender
 Men 8,541 83.3% 2,705 31.7% (ref)   (ref)  
 Women 1,716 16.7% 379 22.1% 0.61# 0.54–0.69 0.94 0.79–1.12
Region of origin
 Germany 6,405 62.5% 2,121 33.1% (ref)   (ref)  
 Abroad 2,853 27.8% 673 23.6% 0.62# 0.56–0.69 0.74# 0.66–0.84
 Unknown 999 9.7% 290 29.0% 0.83## 0.71–0.96 0.94 0.80–1.11
Age group
  < 25 years 1,216 11.9% 523 43.0% (ref)   (ref)  
 25–34 years 3,443 33.6% 1,091 31.7% 0.61# 0.54–0.70 0.63# 0.55–0.72
 35–44 years 2,986 29.1% 846 28.3% 0.52# 0.46–0.60 0.53# 0.46–0.61
 45–54 years 1,838 17.9% 470 25.6% 0.46# 0.39–0.53 0.45# 0.39–0.53
  > =55 years 774 7.5% 154 19.9% 0.33# 0.27–0.41 0.35# 0.28–0.43
Mode of transmission
 MSM1 5,993 58.4 2,095 35.0% (ref)   (ref)  
 HET2 1,909 18.6 393 20.6% 0.48# 0.43–0.55 0.65# 0.54–0.79
 IDU3 307 3.0 107 34.9% 1.00 0.78–1.27 1.18 0.92–1.51
 Unknown 2,048 20.0 489 23.9% 0.58# 0.52–0.65 0.68# 0.60–0.77
Region of presumed infection
 Germany 7,124 69.4% 2,346 32.9% (ref)   (ref)  
 Abroad 1,803 17.6% 387 21.5% 0.56# 0.49–0.63 0.85## 0.73–0.99
 Unknown 1,330 13.0 351 26.4% 0.73# 0.64–0.83 0.98 0.84–1.14
  1. 1MSM: men who have sex with men
  2. 2IDU: persons who are intravenous drug users
  3. 3HET: persons with heterosexual contact
  4. 4 DSS/DPS: Dried Serum Spot/Dried Plasma Spot
  5. *OR: odds ratio
  6. °95% CI: 95% Confidence interval
  7. # p-value: p < =0.001
  8. ## p-value: p < =0.05