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Table 3 Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with encephalitis according to aetiological diagnosis

From: Viral aetiologies of acute encephalitis in a hospital-based South Asian population

Encephalitis aetiology Seizures Focal neurological signs Neck stiffness Headache Neuro-psychiatric features Extra-pyramidal features Cerebellar signs Thrombo cytopaenia CSF pleocytosis Outcome
DV1 + + Lymphocytic Discharged
DV2 + + None Discharged
DV3 + + None Discharged
DV4 + + + None Death
DV5 + + + None Death
DV6 + + + None Discharged
DV7 + + + None Discharged
DV8 + + + Lymphocytic Discharged
DV9 + + None Discharged
DV10 + Abnormal behaviour None Discharged
DV11 + + None Discharged
JE1 + + Hallucination + None Discharged
JE2 + + + ND Death
JE3 + + Lymphocytic Discharged
JE4 + + + Aggressive + None Discharged
JE5 + Hallucination None Discharged
JE6 + + Hallucination + None Discharged
JE7 + + + + None Discharged
WNV1 + None Discharged
WNV2 + + Neutrophilic Discharged
WNV3 + + + Lymphocytic Discharged
VZV1 + + + + None Discharged
VZV2 + None Discharged
VZV3 + Lymphocytic Discharged
EBV1 + + + + + Lymphocytic Discharged
EBV2 + + None Death
EBV3 + + Lymphocytic Death
  1. All patients had altered level of consciousness and fever
  2. DV Dengue virus, JE Japanese encephalitis, WNV West Nile virus, VZV Varicella zoster virus, EBV Epstein Barr virus, M male, F female, CSF cerebrospinal fluid, EEG electroencephalogram, MRI magnetic resonance imaging, CT computerised tomography, ND not done