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Table 1 Prevalence of viruses and bacteria detected in the nasal swabs of 164 urban Indigenous children aged less than 5 years by presence of ARI with cough

From: Upper airway viruses and bacteria in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Brisbane, Australia: a cross-sectional study

  All episodes Symptomatic (56) Asymptomatic (108) p value
  n (%) n (%) n (%)
Any organism positive 132 (81.1) 44 (78.6) 88 (81.5) 0.522
Total organisms positive
    0 31 (19.0) 12 (21.4) 19 (17.8) 0.493
    1 40 (24.4) 15 (26.8) 25 (23.1)  
    2 37 (22.7) 15 (26.8) 22 (20.6)  
    3 25 (15.3) 6 (10.7) 19 (17.8)  
    4 20 (12.3) 4 (7.1) 16 (15.0)  
    5 9 (5.5) 4 (7.1) 5 (4.7)  
NTHi + any other organism 40 (23.4) 12 (21.4) 28 (25.9) 0.525
NTHi only 13 (7.9) 4 (7.1) 9 (8.3) 0.789
NTHi + Mcat only 4 (2.4) 1 (1.8) 3 (2.8) 1.000
NTHi + Spn only 4 (2.4) 2 (3.6) 2 (1.9) 0.606
NTHi + Mcat + Spn only 5 (3.1) 1 (1.8) 4 (3.7) 0.662
NTHi only + Any virus 25 (15.2) 8 (14.3) 17 (15.7) 0.806
NTHi + Mcat + Any virus 19 (11.6) 6 (10.7) 13 (12.0) 0.802
NTHi + Spn + Any virus 20 (12.2) 6 (10.7) 14 (12.7) 0.676
NTHi + Mcat + Spn + Any virus 15 (9.2) 4 (7.1) 11 (10.2) 0.522
Spn + any other organism 88 (53.7) 29 (51.8) 59 (54.6) 0.729
Spn only 4 (2.4) 2 (3.6) 2 (1.9) 0.606
Spn + Mcat only 9 (5.5) 2 (3.6) 7 (6.5) 0.720
Spn only + any virus 2 (1.2) 2 (3.6) 0 -
Spn + Mcat + Any virus 8 (4.9) 2 (3.6) 6 (5.6) 0.717
Mcat + any other organism 78 (47.6) 26 (46.4) 52 (48.2) 0.834
Mcat only 4 (2.4) 2 (3.6) 2 (1.9) 0.606
Mcat only + Any virus 8 (4.9) 2 (3.6) 6 (5.6) 0.717
Saur 32 (19.5) 7 (12.5) 25 (23.2) 0.103
Saur only 10 (6.1) 0 10 (9.3) -
Bpert + any other 1 (0.6) 0 1 (0.9) -
Bpert only 0 0 0 -
Any bacteria positive (not excl virus) 131 (79.9) 42 (75.0) 89 (82.4) 0.262
Any bacteria positive (excl virus) 81 (49.4) 27 (48.2) 54 (50.0) 0.828
Number bacteria positive (not excl virus)     
    0 33 (20.1) 14 (25.0) 19 (17.6) 0.657
    1 53 (32.3) 18 (32.1) 35 (32.4)  
    2 49 (29.9) 17 (30.4) 32 (29.6)  
    3 26 (15.9) 6 (10.7) 20 (18.5)  
    4 3 (1.8) 1 (1.8) 2 (1.9)  
RSV + any organism 6 (3.7) 2 (3.6) 4 (3.7) 0.957
RSV only 0 0 0  
Human rhinovirus + any organism 29 (17.8) 9 (16.1) 20 (18.7) 0.678
Human rhinovirus only 0 0 0  
Adenovirus + any other organism 5 (3.1) 2 (3.6) 3 (2.8) 0.787
Adenovirus only 0 0 0  
Human metapneumovirus + any other 2 (1.2) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.9) 1.000
Human metapneumovirus only 0 0 0  
Parainfluenzae types 1–3 + any other 6 (3.7) 2 (3.6) 4 (3.7) 1.000
Parainfluenzae types 1–3 only 0 0 0  
Influenza + any organism 1 (0.6) 1 (1.8) 0 -
Influenza only 0 0 0  
Bocavirus + any organism 11 (6.8) 3 (5.4) 8 (7.5) 0.608
Bocaonly 0 0 0  
Human coronaviruses + any organism 5 (3.1) 2 (3.6) 3 (2.8) 1.000
Human coronaviruses only 0 0 0  
Polyomaviruses + any organism 8 (4.9) 3 (5.4) 5 (4.7) 1.000
Polyomaviruses only 1 (2.3) 1 (1.8) 0 -
Any virus positive (not excl bacteria) 59 (36.2) 20 (35.7) 39 (36.5) 0.926
Any virus positive (no bacteria) 2 (2.3) 2 (3.6) 0 (0) -
Number virus positive (+ any bacteria)     
    0 104 (63.8) 36 (64.3) 68 (63.6) 0.959
    1 47 (28.8) 16 (28.6) 31 (29.0)  
    2 10 (6.1) 3 (5.4) 7 (6.5)  
    3 2 (1.2) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.9)  
Virus and bacteria positive 57 (34.8) 18 (32.1) 39 (36.1) 0.613
  1. NTHI non-typeable H. influenzae, Spn S. pneumoniae, Mcat M. catarrhalis, Saur S. aureus, Bpert B. pertussis, RSV respiratory syncytial virus