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Table 2 Prevalence of smear-positive and bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary TB among population aged ≥15 years, Hetosa District of Arsi Zone of Oromia Region, Central Ethiopia

From: Prevalence and Incidence of Smear-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Hetosa District of Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State of Central Ethiopia

Category Number of participants Smear-positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB+) Bacteriologically Confirmed Pulmonary Tuberculosis (BCTB)
Number of PTB+ Crude Prevalence estimate of PTB+ (95% CI)/100,000 Adjusted* prevalence estimate of PTB+ (95% CI)/100,000 Number of BCTB Crude Prevalence Estimate of BCTB (95% CI)/100,000 Adjusted* Prevalence estimated of BCTB (95% CI)/100,000 Adjusted Odds Ratio
sex
Male 16,907 16 89 (48.3–141.0) 89 (42.2–147.1) 19 112 (62.0–163) 112.2 (55.8–170.2.) 1.00
Female 16,166 20 124 (69.5–177.9) 124 (63.4–184.0) 24 149 (89.1–215.0) 148.5 (81.9–210.4) 1.3 (0.71–2.43)
Age
15–24 11,691 5 43 (5.3–80.3) 43 (4.1–81.3) 8 68 (26.3–92.2) 68 (19.1–99.4) 1.00
25–34 7,889 12 152 (66.1–238.1) 152 (60.0–244.2) 13 165 (75.2–254.0) 165 (68.0–261.2) 3.4 (1.38–8.61)
35–44 5,697 11 193 (79.1–307.1) 193 (73.0–313.2) 11 193 (79.1–307.2) 193 (72.0–314.4) 4.2 (1.71–10.20)
≥45 7,796 8 103 (31.5–237.7) 103 (25.4–233.8) 11 141 (57.8–224.4) 141 (50.6–231.6) 2.76 (1.14–6.72)
Residence
Urban 5,903 5 85 (10.5–159) 85 (4.4–165.1) 9 153 (104.2–254.0) 153 (97.0–261.2) 1,23 (0.59–2.57)
Rural 27,170 31 114 (73.9–154.2) 114 (67.5–160.3) 34 125 (97.3–224.4) 125 (90.1–231.6) 1.00
History of TB contact
NO 31,170 24 77 (42.0–107.7) 77 (36.0–113.8) 31 98 (65.2–133.8) 98 (58.0–141.0) 1.00
Yes 1,867 12 643 (280.2–1005.2) 894 (274.1–1011.3) 12 643 (280.2–1005.2) 643 (273.0–1012.4) 13.0 (6.55–15.33)
Total 33,037 36 109 (73.3–144.3) 109 (67.2–150.5) 43 130.2 (91.2–169) 130.2 (83–176.2)  
  1. NB. *Adjusted prevalence estimate of PTB+ and BCTB analysed using robust standard errors to account for the sample survey design