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Table 1 Hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinics in Rwanda, 2011

From: Hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection among pregnant women in Rwanda

Characteristics Total Hepatitis C prevalence HIV co-infection proportion among HCV Ab- positive
N n % [95% C.I] n % [95% C.I]
Age group
 15–24 4,669 109 2.3 [1.91–2.77] 1 0.9 [-0.78–2.38]
 25–49 yrs 8,160 226 2.8 [2.41–3.13] 12 5.3 [1.76–6.19]
Marital status
 Single 1,438 35 2.4 [1.64–3.23] 1 2.9 [-1.94–5.78]
 Married/Cohabiting 11,166 291 2.7 [2.32–2.92] 11 3.8 [1.30–4.94]
 Divorced/Separated/Widow 207 8 3.9 [1.22–6.51] 1 12.5 [-5.47–15.47]
Education
 Illiterate/Primary 11,319 305 2.7 [2.40–2.99] 12 3.9 [1.40–4.99]
 Secondary/University 1,468 26 1.8 [1.96–2.45] 1 3.8 [-2.25–6.55]
Employment
 Salaried(Salaried employee + Housemaids) 505 6 1.2 [0.24–2.14] 1 16.7 [-26.18–59.60]
 Non-salaried 12,268 326 2.7 [2.37–2.94] 12 3.7 [1.27–4.49]
Residence
 Rural 6,416 151 2.4 [1.98–2.73] 4 2.6 [0.77–6.76]
 Urban 6,487 184 2.8 [2.43–3.25] 9 4.9 [1.17–4.75]
Number of Pregnancies
 1 Pregnancya 3,886 100 2.6 [2.75–3.72] 0 0.0  
 2-3 pregnancies 4,944 130 2.6 [2.18–3.76] 8 6.2 [1.25–6.67]
 4-5 pregnancies 2,384 61 2.6 [1.92–3.19] 4 6.6 [0.84–7.26]
  > = 6 pregnancies 1,356 38 2.8 [1.92–3.68] 1 2.6 [-3.62–1.51]
HIV status
 Negative 12,463 322 2.6 [2.36–2.86] - - -
 Positive 429 13 3.0 [1.42–4.66] 13 100  
Total 12,903 335 2.6 [2.32–2.87] 13 3.9 [1.40–4.66]
  1. aIncluding the current one
  2. Note: The denominator for co-infection is HCV Ab-positive