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Table 2 Empirical antibiotic therapy in patients with a known status of empirical antibiotic therapy

From: Impact of appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment on recurrence and mortality in patients with bacteraemia: a population-based cohort study

Variable Empirical antibiotic therapy
Appropriate (n = 3778) Inappropriate (n = 1290)
Mono versus combination therapy
 Monotherapy 1830 (48)a 822 (64)
 Two antibiotics in combination 1271 (34) 339 (26)
 Three or more antibiotics in combination 677 (18) 129 (10)
Beta-lactam antibiotics
 Penicillin 601 (16) 279 (22)
 Ampicillin 263 (7) 104 (8)
 Dicloxacillin 49 (1) 30 (2)
 Piperacillin/tazobactam 225 (6) 69 (5)
 Mecillinam 91 (2) 106 (8)
 Cefuroxime 2168 (57) 485 (38)
 Third generation cephalosporin 152 (4) 21 (2)
 Meropenem 96 (3) 48 (4)
 No beta-lactam 133 (4) 148 (11)
Other antibiotics
 Gentamicin 900 (24) 101 (8)
 Ciprofloxacin 538 (14) 176 (14)
 Gentamicin & Ciprofloxacin 13 (<1) 3 (<1)
 Neither 2327 (62) 1010 (78)
Metronidazole 1008 (27) 275 (21)
Antifungal agent 105 (3) 49 (4)
  1. a Number (%)