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Table 1 Univariate and multivariate log binomial analysis of factors associated with stigma attitude toward people with HIV

From: Factors associated with stigma attitude towards people living with HIV among general individuals in Heilongjiang, Northeast China

  Urban residents Rural residents
Variable   Crude RR Adjusted RR Crude RR Adjusted RR
Gender Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.95 (0.85–1.07) 0.98 (0.88–1.09) 1.01 (0.92–1.11) 0.97 (0.88–1.06)
Ethnicity Han 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Minorities 1.15 (1.00–1.33)* 1.09 (0.94–1.26) 0.940.84–1.06) 0.95 (0.85–1.06)
Age (Years) 15–20 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
21–50 0.88 (0.72–1.09) 1.02 (0.81–1.3) 1.09 (0.90–1.31)** 1.26 (1.01–1.57)*
51–69 0.87 (0.69–1.10) 0.95 (0.73–1.25) 1.01 (0.82–1.23)** 1.12 (0.88–1.42)
Marital status Single 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married/cohabitating 0.91 (0.80–1.05) 0.96 (0.82–1.12) 0.97 (0.85–1.10) 0.92 (0.80–1.06)
Divorced/widowed 0.80 (0.57–1.10) 0.70 (0.50–0.99)* 0.75 (0.48–1.16) 0.75 (0.49–1.13)
Education Primary school or less 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Middle school 0.77 (0.65–0.91)** 0.83 (0.71–0.97)* 0.95 (0.87–1.05) 0.96 (0.87–1.06)
Over high school 0.62 (0.53–0.73)** 0.73 (0.62–0.87)** 0.93 (0.78–1.11) 1.02 (0.84–1.23)
Employment Unemployed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Employed 1.25 (1.00–1.57) 1.28 (1.02–1.60)* 0.96 (0.84–1.11) 0.96 (0.82–1.12)
Household per-capita income (CNY/month) <1000 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1000–2000 0.94 (0.81–1.09) 1.04 (0.89–1.20) 0.97 (0.86–1.08) 0.95 (0.85–1.06)
≥2000 1.08 (0.91–1.29) 1.16 (0.98–1.38) 0.97 (0.83–1.13) 0.92 (0.79–1.06)
HIV/AIDS Knowledge
Is AIDS a contagious disease? 1.12 (0.95–1.31) 1.45 (1.23–1.71)** 1.47 (1.27–1.71)** 1.58 (1.34–1.86)**
Can an apparently healthy person be a carrier for HIV? 0.78 (0.69–0.87)** 0.94 (0.81–1.09) 1.01 (0.92–1.11) 0.99 (0.89–1.10)
At present, is there a vaccine to protect against HIV? 0.71 (0.63–0.79)** 0.88 (0.77–1.00) 0.92 (0.83–1.01) 0.94 (0.84–1.04)
At present, is AIDS curable? 0.70 (0.63–0.79) 0.89 (0.79–1.02) 0.94 (0.86–1.03) 1.01 (0.91–1.11)
HIV/AIDS transmission modes score 0.91 (0.88–0.94)** 1.01 (0.96–1.05) 1.03 (1.00–1.06) 1.06 (1.02–1.09)**
HIV/AIDS transmission misconceptions score 0.86 (0.84–0.89)** 0.88 (0.85–0.91)** 0.94 (0.92–0.96)** 0.89 (0.87–0.91)**
Total knowledge score 0.94 (0.93–0.95)**   0.99 (0.98–1.00)*  
  1. Crude RR: Relative risk of univariate analysis
  2. Adjusted RR: Basic demographic characteristics (i.e., age, gender) and variables that were associated with stigma attitude toward people with HIV in univariate analysis among general residents at the 0.10 significance level were put stepwise in a multivariate logistic regression model
  3. RR Relative risk (95% CI)
  4. * P <0.05; ** P <0.01