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Table 3 Fetal characteristics among symptomatic neonates, following primary versus non-primary maternal infection

From: Symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus disease following non-primary maternal infection: a retrospective cohort study

  Primary (n = 95) Non-primary (n = 12) P value
Fetal gender
 Male (n = 56) 51 (53.7%) 5 (41.7%) 0.544
 Female (n = 51) 44 (46.3%) 7 (58.3%) 0.544
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal delivery 64 (67.4%) 8 (66.7%) 0.999
 Instrumental delivery 6 (6.3%) 2 (16.7%) 0.22
 Cesarean delivery 25 (26.3%) 2 (16.7%) 0.726
Gestational age at delivery, weeks 38.92 ± 1.56 39.00 ± 2.00 0.882
Birth weight, grams 3070 ± 530 3167 ± 817 0.607
Neonatal head circumference, cm 33.71 ± 1.63 33.77 ± 1.93 0.909
Amniocentesis preformed during pregnancy: 47 (49.5%) 2 (16.7%) 0.035
 Positive for CMV 42 (89.4%) 0 0.018
Abnormal findings on fetal US 11 (11.6%) 4 (33.4%) 0.114
Abnormal findings on fetal MRI 11 (11.6%) 0 0.608
  1. Data presented as n(%) or mean ± 1 Standard Deviation
  2. CMV Cytomegalovirus, US Ultrasound, MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging