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Table 5 Association between death and factors related to TB and HIV in a cohort of PLHIV

From: Survival of people living with HIV who defaulted from tuberculosis treatment in a cohort, Recife, Brazil

Variables Deaths (number) Incidence rate (100 person/years) HR (CI 95%) p-value p-valuea
Related to TBb
 Treatment site
  Out-patients 31 5.00 (3.51–7.11) 1.0 -  
  Hospitalized 44 6.51 (4.84–8.75) 1.35 (0.85–2.13) 0.206 0.247
 Form of TB
  Pulmonary 43 5.32 (3.94–7.17) 1.0 - 0.831
  Extrapulmonary 22 6.42 (4.26–9.66) 1.21 (0.73–2.01) 0.456  
  Pulmonary extrapulmonary and disseminated 8 5.14 (2.57–10.3) 0.99 (0.47–2.11) 0.987  
 Previous treatment
  No 28 5.16 (3.56–7.47) 1.0 -  
  Yes 44 7.25 (5.40–9.74) 1.38 (0.86–2.22) 0.178 0.286
 Related to HIVb
 Opportunistic disease
  No 16 7.49 (4.59–12.2) 1.0 - -
  Yes 57 5.47 (4.22–7.09) 0.72 (0.42–1.27) 0.264 0.991
 Use of ART
  Yes 57 5.16 (3.98–6.68) 1.0 - -
  No 18 8.48 (5.34–13.5) 1.53 (0.90–2.61) 0.113 0.315
 CD4
  > 200 cells/mm3 43 3.78 (2.61–5.47) 1.0 - -
  < 200 cells/mm3 28 8.94 (6.63–12.1) 2.23 (1.39–3.60) 0.001  
  No count 4 3.73 (1.40–9.94) 0.80 (0.28–2.30) 0.684 0.238
  1. a Proportionality test (Schoenfeld residual)
  2. bFactors related to TB and HIV when initiating treatment for TB