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Table 3 Univariable analysis of risk factors for T. solium cysticercosis at household level

From: Risk factors, perceptions and practices associated with Taenia solium cysticercosis and its control in the smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey

Factor Number of pigs Seropositive pigs (%) p-value Odds (95% CI)
Level of education
 None 114 11(9.7) 0.073 0.449(0.187–1.079)
 Primary 548 68(12.4) 0.06 0.452(0.197–1.033)
 Secondary 348 40(11.5) 0.089 0.593(0.325–1.083)
 Tertiarya 83 16(19.3) - -
Training in pig management
 Yesa 488 62(12.7) - -
 No 603 73(12.1) 0.397 0.728(0.348–1.52)
Water sources
 Unprotecteda 419 37(8.8) - -
 Protected 677 98(14.5) 0.008 0.583(0.391–0.870)
Boil water
 Alwaysa 638 79(12.4) - -
 Never 453 56(12.4) 0.992 1.002(0.695–1.444)
Eating pork
 At least once a month 640 81(12.7) 0.281 0.653(0.3–1.418)
 After a month 204 20(9.8) 0.644 0.904(0.587–1.39)
 Nevera 246 34(13.8) - -
Slaughter at home
 Once a year 101 8(16.5) 0.200 0.629(0.31–1.278)
 After a year 21 4(19) 0.157 0.583(0.276–1.231)
 Nevera 957 123(12.9) - -
Inspection on slaughter
 Alwaysa 11 0 - -
 Sometimes 20 3(15) 0.59 0.687(0.175–2.692)
 Never 111 12(10.8) 0.999 0.000
Presence of latrine
 No 133 3(6) 0.384 0.729(0.358–1.484)
 Yesa 1041 132(12.7) - -
Unable to use latrine
 Yes 595 90(15.1) 0.006 0.581(0.395–0.855)
 Noa 458 43(9.4) - -
Know transmission cycle
 Yes 121 26(21.5) 0.002 0.463(0.287–0.746)
 Noa 975 109(11.2) - -
  1. aReference variable