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Table 1 Demographics, clinical characteristics and disease severity score in single virus infections

From: Single- and multiple viral respiratory infections in children: disease and management cannot be related to a specific pathogen

  RSV RV hMPV HCoV FLU HAdV HBoV PIV p-value
N = 331 single pathogens 200 30 23 24 21 14 10 9  
Age in months
mean (SD)
5.8 (6.4) 5.4(8.5) 10.2(11.45) 5.1(6.7) 15.1(23.2) 11.8(11.7) 18.6(12.4) 6.8(8.4) 0.001b
Median (IQR) 3.75 (5.56) 2.75(5.4) 4.69(11.84) 2.67(5.62) 2.13(23.53) 6.4(19.79) 15.59(24.58) 5.67(4.87)  
Male, n(%) 113(56.5) 18(60.0) 11(47.8) 9(37.5) 11(52.4) 8(57.1) 5(50.0) 4(44.4) 0.638a,c
DSS
 mean (SD) 14.9 (6.9) 12.6(7.9) 12.2(7.6) 8.3(6.6) 7.9(7.2) 11.9(8.6) 19.1(3.4) 13.9(8.1) 0.000b
 median (IQR) 17.0(10.0) 13.0(15.8) 13.0(16.0) 7.0, 4.0(9.5) 9.0(18.2) 19.0(6.5) 13(16.0)  
 DSS ≤6, n(%) 27(13.5) 7(23.6) 7(30.4) 10 (41.7) 12(57.1) 5(35.7) 0(0.0) 2(22.2) 0.000a,c
 DSS 7–13,n(%) 51(25.5) 10(33.3) 7(30.4) 10(41.7) 5(23.8) 3(21.4) 0(0.0) 3(33.3)  
 DSS 14–19, n(%) 78(39.0) 5(16.7) 6(26.1) 3(12.5) 2(9.5) 2(14.3) 7 (70.0) 2(22.2)  
 DSS ≥20, n(%) 44(22.0) 8(26.7) 3(13.0) 1(4.2) 2(9.5) 4(28.6) 3(30.0) 2(22.2)  
  1. DSS disease severity score
  2. Significant differences are noted as bold (highest) versus italic (lowest) when possible
  3. a Pearson Chi-square tests
  4. b Kruskal Wallis test
  5. c interpret with caution as any cell has a value <5