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Table 2 Proportion and crude prevalence ratio of heterosexual men who underwent HIV/STI testing in the past 6 months versus those who did not by various factors

From: What are the factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection screening behaviour among heterosexual men patronising entertainment establishments who engaged in casual or paid sex? – Results from a cross-sectional survey in an Asian urban setting

Factor Gone for HIV/STI testing Crude PR (95% CI) P value
Yes (n = 163) No (n = 441)
Sociodemographics
 Ethnicity
  Chinese 86 (22.8) 291 (77.2) Referent  
  Non-Chinese 77 (33.9) 150 (66.1) 1.49 (1.09–2.02) 0.01
 Marital status
  Single 129 (26.2) 363 (73.8) Referent  
  Married 34 (30.4) 78 (69.6) 1.16 (0.79–1.69) 0.45
 Highest education levela
  No formal education/primary/secondary 25 (27.8) 65 (72.2) Referent  
  Institute of technical education/A Level/ Diploma 83 (25.0) 249 (75.0) 0.90 (0.58–1.41) 0.64
  University/Post-graduate 54 (30.0) 126 (70.0) 1.08 (0.67–1.74) 0.75
 Housing type
  1–3 room public housing 22 (24.2) 69 (75.8) Referent  
  4–5 room public housing 91 (26.4) 254 (73.6) 1.09 (0.68–1.74) 0.71
  Private property 50 (29.8) 118 (70.2) 1.23 (0.75–2.03) 0.42
 Occupation
  Not currently employed 17 (16.7) 85 (83.3) Referent  
  Blue-collar job 44 (28.0) 113 (72.0) 1.68 (0.96–2.94) 0.07
  White-collar job 102 (29.6) 243 (70.4) 1.77 (1.06–2.96) 0.03
 Age in years, median (IQR) 27 (24–32) 26 (23–30) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.11
HIV knowledge
 HIV-KQ-18 Knowledge Score, median (IQR) 15 (12–16) 13 (10–15) 1.10 (1.04–1.15) 0.001
Sexual behaviour
 Number of partners in the past 6 months, median (IQR) 5 (3–6) 4 (2–5) 1.04 (1.02–1.06) <0.001
 Engaged in anal sex with casual or paid partner in the past 6 months
  No 117 (23.4) 383 (76.6) Referent  
  Yes 46 (44.2) 58 (55.8) 1.89 (1.34–2.66) <0.001
 Type of casual/paid partners in the past 6 months
  More than 1 type of casual/paid partner 44 (28.2) 112 (71.8) Referent  
  Sex workers from brothels only 7 (25.9) 20 (74.1) 0.92 (0.41–2.04) 0.84
  Casual partners only 103 (27.8) 267 (72.2) 0.99 (0.69–1.40) 0.94
  Female entertainment workers only 9 (17.6) 42 (82.4) 0.63 (0.31–1.28) 0.20
 Type of regular partners in the past 6 months
  Without any regular partner 79 (23.9) 251 (76.1) Referent  
  With wife as regular partner only 17 (32.1) 36 (67.9) 1.34 (0.79–2.26) 0.27
  With girlfriend/mistress as regular partner only 58 (29.3) 140 (70.7) 1.22 (0.87–1.72) 0.24
  With both wife and girlfriend/mistress as regular partners 9 (39.1) 14 (60.9) 1.63 (0.82–3.26) 0.16
 Partner asking to use a condom all the time in the past 6 months
  No 80 (28.0) 206 (72.0) Referent  
  Yes 83 (26.1) 235 (73.9) 0.93 (0.69–1.27) 0.66
 Consistent condom use with casual or paid partner in the past 6 months
  No 80 (25.0) 240 (75.0) Referent  
  Yes 83 (29.2) 201 (70.8) 1.17 (0.86–1.59) 0.32
 Condom use at last sex with a casual or paid partner
  No 65 (27.1) 175 (72.9) Referent  
  Yes 98 (26.9) 266 (73.1) 0.99 (0.73–1.36) 0.97
  1. All figures in the table refer to frequency (row percentage) unless otherwise indicated
  2. aContains missing value of 2 for highest education level