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Table 2 Pooled antibiotic resistance rates of MRSA strains; Ethiopia, 2006-2014

From: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Ethiopia: a meta-analysis

Antibiotics Antibiotic resistance rate reported by 7 studies Pooled resistance rate, % (95 % CI)
Lemma et al. 2015 [17] Anagaw et al. 2013 [22] Abera et al. 2008 [29] Kahsay et al. 2014 [16] Reta et al. 2015 [12] Kejela & Bacha, 2013 [19] Tebelay et al. 2014 [14]
Chloramphinicol 4 (5.5) 22 (44.9) - - 0 23 (59) 16 (47.1) 30.8 (30.3–63.8)
Ceftriaxone 15 (20.5) 2 (4.1) 85 (95.5) - 0 -   30.8 (0–84.1)
Ciprofloxacin 17 (23.3) 2 (4.1) 67 (75.3) - 0 - 28 (82.4) 37.3 (5.9–68.7)
Clindamycin 6 (8.2) 1 (2) - 22 (61.1) 0 - 18 (52.9) 23.1 (7.5–38.8)
Cotrimoxazole 4 (5.5) 22 (44.9) - 36 (100) 2 (11.8) 7 (17.9) 34 (100) 46.4 (8.4–84.5)
Erythromycin 17 (23.3) 9 (18.4) 69 (77.5) 35 (97.2) 0 24 (61.5) 34 (100) 97.2 (23.2–100)
Tetracycline 53 (72.6) 10 (20.4) 80 (89.9) 15 (41.7) - 13 (33.3) - 51.9 (22.8–81)
Pencillin G - 49 (100) 89 (100) 36 (100) 17 (100) 39 (100) 34 (100) 99.1 (98–100)
Ampicillin - 46 (93.9) - 36 (100) - 39 (100) - 98.1 (95.7–100)
Amoxacillin - 46 (93.9) - 36 (100) -   - 97.1 (92.7–100)
Vancomycin - 0 0 - - 5 (12.8) 10 (29.4) 5.3 (0–10.6)
Gentamycin - - 63 (70.8) 34 (94.4) 0 6 (15.4) 13 (38.2) 44.4 (4.9–83.9)