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Table 3 Univariate logistic regression of non-adherence to antibiotic guidelines for uncomplicated UTI

From: A single center observational study on emergency department clinician non-adherence to clinical practice guidelines for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Variable Non-Adherent % OR 95 % CI P-value
Race
 Black, non-Hispanic 66.0 1   
 White, non-Hispanic 59.4 0.8 0.3–1.9 0.54
 Hispanic or other race 61.1 0.8 0.3–2.4 0.71
Age
 18–29 63.6 1   
 30–39 61.5 0.9 0.4–2.3 0.85
 40+ 63.6 1.0 0.3–3.8 1.00
Clinical history
 Sexually active 62.8 0.9 0.3–2.7 0.88
 No recent history of UTI 75.0 2.4 1.0–5.7 0.05
Onset of symptoms
 < 4 days 67.7 1   
 4–7 days 56.7 0.6 0.3–1.5 0.30
 > 7 days 60.0 0.7 0.2–2.8 0.63
Provider
 Attending or PA 64.2 1   
 Resident 61.1 0.9 0.4–2.0 0.76
Clinical symptoms
 Dysuria 64.2 1.2 0.5–3.3 0.66
 Frequent urination 61.6 0.7 0.2–2.1 0.49
 Decreased urination 61.5 0.9 0.4–2.0 0.80
 Nausea/vomiting 42.9 0.3 0.1–0.9 0.04
 Vaginal discharge 85.7 4.1 0.9–19.3 0.08
 Back pain 61.4 0.9 0.4–2.0 0.75
 Abdominal pain 62.5 0.9 0.4–2.1 0.90
Type of UTI
 Pyelonephritis 62.8 1   
 Cystitis 55.6 0.9 0.4–2.2 0.90
Type of UTI with clinical symptom combinations
 Cystitis, no other non-urinary symptoms 52.0 1   
 Cystitis, with back or adnominal pain symptoms only 90.5 8.8 1.7–45.9 0.01
 Cystitis, with vaginal discharge 90.0 8.3 0.9–75.7 0.06
 Cystitis, with other combinations of non-urinary symptoms 9.1 0.1 0.0–0.8 0.03
 Pyelonephritis (any fever or flank pain present) 63.9 1.6 0.6–4.6 0.36
Urinalysis results
 Positive 58.2 1   
 Negative 79.2 2.7 0.9–8.0 0.07
  1. P-Values that appear in bold are significant at p < 0.05
  2. Non-urinary symptoms include: back pain, abdominal pain, fever, flank pain, vaginal discharge, or nausea/vomiting