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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of possible TBM and definite/probable TBM

From: Clinical presentations, diagnosis, mortality and prognostic markers of tuberculous meningitis in Vietnamese children: a prospective descriptive study

Variables Possible TBM (n = 28) Definite/Probable TBM (n = 72) P-value for comparison
Agea (months) 24.5 (2–165) 36.5 (2–180) 0.09
Male (%) 18/28 (64 %) 38/72 (53 %) 0.03
Fever 28/28 (100 %) 71/72 (99 %) 0.99
Symptom durationa (days) 16 (6–60) 19.5 (6–96) 0.172
Vomiting 20/28 (71 %) 56/72 (78 %) 0.50
Altered sensorium 6/28 (21 %) 36/72 (50 %) 0.01
Fits 9/28 (32 %) 30/72 (40 %) 0.38
Neck stiffness 17/28 (61 %) 58/72 (81 %) 0.04
Motor deficit 4/25 (16 %) 28/60 (47 %) 0.01
Cranial nerve palsy 9/28 (32 %) 18/72 (25 %) 0.91
HIV infection 1/28 (4 %) 3/72 (4 %) 0.99
HBV infection 2/28 (7 %) 3/72 (4 %) 0.86
Family TB history 7/28 (25 %) 19/72 (26 %) 0.89
Death 2/27 b (7 %) 13/69 (19 %) c 0.28
Permanent sequelae 2/25 (8 %) 25/56 (45 %) 0.002
CSF WCCa (cells/uL) 144 (4–780) 150 (1–802) 0.37
CSF Lympha (cells/uL) 80 (40–100) 80 % (50–100) 0.44
CSF Proteina (g/L) 0.8 (0.2–5) 1.3 (0.1–4.8) 0.08
CSF Lactatea (mmol/L) 4.3 (1.4–8.8) 5.6 (1.21–19.2) 0.08
CSF: Blood Glucose ratioa 0.30 (0.09–0.61) 0.25 (0.07–0.69) 0.51
  1. a Values are medians/ranges
  2. b1 lost to follow-up
  3. c3 lost to follow-up