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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and outcomes of 100 childhood TBM patients

From: Clinical presentations, diagnosis, mortality and prognostic markers of tuberculous meningitis in Vietnamese children: a prospective descriptive study

Symptoms and signs Number affected (%) Median duration in days (range)
Fever 96/97 (99 %) 23; (6–96)
Vomiting 76/100 (76 %) 13; (1–96)
Weight loss 59/98 (60 %) 15.5; (7–90)
Confusion 15/100 (15 %) 10.4; (2–30)
Unconsciousness 27/100 (27 %) 5.3; (1–16)
Headachea 49/55 (89 %) 21; (4–66)
Fits 39/100 (39 %) 8.5; (1–35)
Neck stiffness 75/100 (75 %)  
Hemiparesis/Hemiplegia 20/98 (20 %)  
Paraparesis/paraplegia 6/98 (6 %)  
Monoplegia 4/98 (4 %)  
Quadriplegia 2/98 (2 %)  
II nerve involvement 3/98 (3 %)  
III nerve palsy 4/98 (4 %)  
VI nerve palsy 20/98 (20 %)  
VII nerve palsy 7/98 (7 %)  
Anemia (Hb < 11 g/dL) 46/99 (46 %)  
HIV infection 4/96 (4 %)  
HBV infection 5/96 (5 %)  
MRC Grades >5 years (33) I: 16 (48 %) II: 11 (33 %) III: 6 (18 %)
Blantyre < 5 years (67) 4–5: 43 (64 %) 2–3: 12 (18 %) 0–1: 12 (18 %)
Deaths 15/100 (15 %)  
Sequelae
 Severe 6/81 (7 %)  
 Intermediate 21/81 (26 %)  
  1. aUnable to ascertain in 44 due to the age of the child; headache was not assessed for one additional subject