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Table 1 Epidemiological characteristics of the overall, RV+ and RV- children and possible risk factors of RVGE

From: Multicenter prospective study on the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children less than 3 years of age in Spain

   Total N = 456 n (%) RV + N = 201 n (%) RV – N = 253 n (%) p-value
Gender Male 236 (51.9) 95 (47.3) 140 (55.6) 0.079
Female 219 (48.1) 106 (52.7) 112 (44.4)
Age-groups (3-groups) 0–12 166 (36.4) 79 (39.3) 87 (34.4) 0.063
12–24 184 (40.4) 86 (42.8) 97 (38.3)
24–36 106 (23.2) 36 (17.9) 69 (27.3)
Age-groups (5-groups) 0–2 10 (2.2) 4 (2.0) 6 (2.4) 0.028
2–6 42 (9.2) 14 (7.0) 28 (11.1)
6–12 114 (25.0) 61 (30.3) 53 (20.9)
12–24 184 (40.4) 86 (42.8) 97 (38.3)
24–36 106 (23.2) 36 (17.9) 69 (27.3)
RV vaccination Complete 109 (24.5) 20 (10.0) 89 (36.6) 0.001
Partial 15 (3.4) 2 (1.0) 13 (5.3)
None 321 (72.1) 179 (89.1) 141 (58.0)
Breastfeeding Yes 376 (83.0) 171 (85.9) 204 (80.6) 0.137
Continue with breastfeeding Yes 51 (13.6) 30 (17.5) 21 (10.3) 0.041
Number of previous episodes of AGE 1 80 (52.3) 41 (67.2) 39 (42.9) 0.045
2 42 (27.5) 13 (21.3) 29 (27.5)
3 18 (11.8) 5 (8.2) 13 (11.8)
>3 13a (8.5) 2 (3.2) 10 (11.0)
Previous hospitalizations for AGE Yes 9 (2.0) 3 (1.5) 6 (2.4) 0.737
Attendance at day care center (currently) Yes 210 (46.6) 80 (40.2) 128 (51.2) 0.020
  1. a1 missing data; RV: rotavirus; RV+: VIKIA test positive; RV-: VIKIA test negative; AGE: acute gastroenteritis