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Table 4 Outcome of 95 episodes of streptococcal prosthetic joint infections according to the type of surgery and the use of rifampicin combinations

From: Outcome of patients with streptococcal prosthetic joint infections with special reference to rifampicin combinations

Type of surgery Rifampicin combinations, total = 52 Other antibiotic treatments, total = 43 Total p
DAIR 23/30 (77.7) 9/25 (36) 32/55 (58.2) .003
1SE 7/8 (87.5) 3/5 (60) 10/13 (76.9) .25
2SE 10/10 (100) 8/9 (88.9) 18/19 (94.7) .28
AR 4/4 (100) 3/4 (75) 7/8 (87.5) .28
Total 44/52 (84.6) 23/43 (53.5) 67/95 (70.5) .001
Removal 21/22 (95.4) 14/18 (77.8) 35/40 (87.5) .09
  1. DAIR: debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention
  2. 1SE one-stage exchange, 2SE two-stage exchange, AR Arthroplastic resection
  3. Removal: 1SE + 2SE + AR