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Table 1 Characteristics of patients according to hemoglobin levels on admission, classified into three groups: HGB ≥ 10, HGB ≥ 7- < 10, HGB < 7 g/dL

From: Hemoglobin levels and blood transfusion in patients with sepsis in Internal Medicine Departments

Parameter HGB ≥ 10 HGB ≥ 7- < 10 HGB < 7 P value
no. of patients 631 (77 %) 177(22 %) 7(1 %)  
Age (Mean ± S.D.) 74.3 ± 16.2 77.3 ± 13.5 72.5 ± 15.1 0.07
Females (%) 308 (48.8 %) 83(46.8 %) 5(71.4 %) 0.97
Residence
 Home 502(79.6) 138(78.0) 5(71.4)  
 Nursing home/LTCF 129(20.4) 39 (22) 2(28.6) 0.50
Mental status at baseline
 Dementia 208 (36.1) 70(43.7) 2(28.5) 0.18
 Normal 363 (63) 88 (55)   
 Other 5 (0.8) 2 (1.2) 5 (71.4)0 (0)  
Basic functional status
 Debilitated 250(40.1) 80(45.9) 3(42.8) 0.06
 Partially debilitated 62(9.9) 22(12.6) 2(28.5)  
 Normal 310(49.8) 72(41.3) 2(28.5)  
CHF 211(33.4) 68(38.4) 2(28.5) 0.30
IHD 255(40.4) 76(42.9) 1(14.2) 0.97
Diabetes mellitus 217(34.3) 70(39.5) 1(14.2) 0.45
CKD 158(25.0) 69(38.9) 2(28.5) 0.0007
Chronic dialysis 11(1.7) 10(5.6) 0(0) 0.011
Active cancer 97(15.3) 71(40.1) 2(28.5) <.0001
Terminal disease 42(6.6) 37(20.9) 2(28.5) <.0001
Sepsis stage on admission
 Severe sepsis 57(9.0) 17(9.6) 0(0)  
 Septic shock 28(4.4) 13(7.3) 2(28.5) 0.18
Source of infection
 Pneumonia 263(41.6) 54(30.5) 2 (28.5)  
 UTI 183(29.0) 51(28.8) 1(14.2) 0.87
 SSTI 34(5.3) 18(10.1) 1(14.9)  
 Intra-abdominal 6(3.3) 6(3.3) 0(0)  
 Other 37(5.8) 18(10.1) 1(14.2)  
 Unknown 105(16.6) 30(16.9) 2(28.5)  
Acute myocardial infarction 23(3.65) 7(3.9) 1(14.3) 0.34
Acute respiratory failure 9(1.4) 1(0.5) 0(0) 0.33
CHF exacerbation 25(3.9) 6(3.3) 0(0) 0.60
Systolic BP 121.9 ± 26.8 115.8 ± 27.7 111.2 ± 22.1 0.02
Glasgow coma scale 12.4 ± 3.9 12.1 ± 3.9 11.1 ± 5.1 0.49
Serum Creatinine 1.2 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 1.3 1.5 ± 1.1 0.0002
Serum urea 65.3 ± 46.3 82.8 ± 51.1 80.0 ± 51.4 <.0001
  1. HGB hemoglobin, CHF congestive heart failure, IHD ischemic heart disease, CKD chronic kidney disease, UTI urinary tract infection, SSTI skin and soft tissue infection, BP blood pressure