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Table 2 Characteristics of 5,846 tuberculosis patients. Factors related to smoking at the time of tuberculosis diagnosis at multivariate level

From: Factors associated with smoking among tuberculosis patients in Spain

  Total Non-smoker Smoker Multi-variate analysis.
  N 5846 N 3546 61 % N 2300 39 % OR (95 % CI) P-value
Sex
 Women 2082 1556 74,7 526 25,3 Ref  
 Men 3626 1911 52,7 1715 47,3 2.26(1.97;2.60) <0.001
 Unknown 138 79 57,2 59 42,8 2.19(1.46;3.28) <0.001
Age
 Unknown 138 118 85,5 20 15,5 Ref  
 18–30 years 1627 1077 66,2 550 33,8 2.39(1.44;4,13) <0.001
 31–50 years 2405 1212 50,4 1193 49,6 3.45(2.09;5,94 <0.001
  > 50 years 1676 1139 68 537 32 2.52(1.50;4.42 <0.001
Origin
 Immigrant 1941 1408 72,5 533 27,5 Ref  
 Native 3905 2138 54,8 1767 45,2 2,79(2,40;3,24) <0,001
Cohabitation status
 Group 651 431 66,2 220 33,8 Ref  
 Alone 554 276 49,8 278 50,2 1,21(0,91;1,60) 0,174
 Homeless 100 25 25 75 75 1,99(1,14;3,57) <0.001
 Confinement 80 38 47,5 42 52,5 1,70(0,98;2,97) 0,056
 With Family 4293 2683 62,5 1610 37,5 0,89(0,72;1,11) 0,317
 Unknown 168 93 55,4 75 44,6 1,35(0,89;2,04) 0,147
Alcohol
 No 4475 3079 68,8 1396 31,2 Ref  
 Yes 1371 467 34,1 904 65,9 2,85(2,46;3,31) <0,001
IDU
 No 5768 3532 61,2 2236 38,8   
 Yes 78 14 17,9 64 82,1 2.78(1.48;5.52) <0,001
HIV
 No 4547 2783 61,2 1764 38,8 0,81(0,34;2,07) 0,646
 Yes 269 108 40,1 161 59,9 1,48(0,59;3,94) 0,412
 Unknown 1030 655 63,5 375 36.4 Ref  
Prior Treatment
 No 5287 3245 61,4 2042 38,6 Ref  
 Yes 438 224 51,1 214 48,9 1,12(0,89;2,04) 0,314
Localization
 Extra-pulmonary 611 497 81,3 114 18,7 Ref  
 Pulmonary 4149 2299 55,4 1850 44,6 1,61(1,16;2,24) <0,001
 Disseminated 301 198 65,8 103 34,2 1,12(0,73;1,70) 0,59
 Unknown 785 552 70,3 233 29,7 1,14(0,80;1,63) 0,458
Radiology
 Normal 610 480 78,7 130 21,3 Ref  
 Abnormall cavitary 1922 889 46,3 1033 53,7 1,99(1,43;2,79) <0,001
 Abnormal non cavitary 3114 2042 65,6 1072 33,4 1,24(0,91;1,70) 0,167
 Unknown 200 135 67,5 65 32,5 1,21(0,77;1,89) 0,4
Microbiology
 Culture (−) 1055 779 73,8 276 26,2 Ref  
 Microscopy smear (+) 3144 1636 52 1508 48 1,39(1,14;1,71) <0,001
 Microscopy smear (+), culture (−) 1647 1131 68,7 516 31,3 1,01(0,82;1,24) 0,896
  1. OR odds ratio
  2. CI confidence interval
  3. IDU injecten drug users
  4. HVI humanimmunodeficiency virus
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