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Table 2 Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-sensitive (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in healthcare workers and students in Antananarivo, Madagascar (N = 1548)

From: Prevalence of nasal colonisation by methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among healthcare workers and students in Madagascar

   Healthcare workersa Students
    S. aureus MSSA MRSA   S. aureus MSSA MRSA
   Total number (N) n (%) n (%) p b n (%) p b Total number (N) n (%) n (%) p b n (%) p b
Prevalence   863 91 (10.4) 77 (8.9) -- 14 (1.5) -- 685 80 (11.8) 74 (10.8) -- 6 (0.9) --
Characteristics
Age
  <25 years 403 33 (8.2) 29 (7.2) 0.11 4 (1.0) 0.19* 603 70 (11.5) 65 (10.8) 0.80 5 (0.7) 0.52*
  ≥25 years 452 56 (12.4) 46 (10.2)   10 (2.1)   78 10 (12.7) 9 (11.4)   1 (1.3)  
Sex
  Female 580 72 (12.3) 60 (10.2) 0.04 12 (2.1) 0.16* 440 57 (12.6) 52 (11.7) 0.24 5 (1.0) 0.43*
  Male 283 19 (6.6) 17 (5.1)   2 (0.7)   245 23 (9.4) 22 (9.0)   1 (0.3)  
  1. aIncludes all hospital employees (medical doctors, nurses, midwives, nursing students, medical and pharmacy students, interns, occasional workers, medical technologists, pharmacists, cleaning staff, and receptionists)
  2. bPearson’s χ2 test or * Fisher’s exact test