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Table 5 Characteristics associated with need for assisted ventilation

From: Clinical characterisation and phylogeny of respiratory syncytial virus infection in hospitalised children at Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town

Characteristic Assisted ventilation No ventilation P-value
  No % No %  
Age      
  < 6 45 76.3 115 68.9 0.18
  ≥ 6 14 23.7 52 31.1  
Gender      
 Male 32 54.2 85 50.9 0.39
 Female 27 45.8 82 49.1  
Pre-existing condition      
 Yes 29 25.7 84 74.3 0.88
 No 30 26.5 83 73.5  
Weight-for-age z score      
 Normal 33 24.6 101 75.4 0.54
 Underweight 26 28.3 66 71.7  
HIV status      
 Infected 2 50.0 2 50.0 0.28
 Uninfected 57 25.7 165 74.3  
Co-pathogen      
 Yes 32 54.2 38 22.8 <0.001
 No 27 45.8 129 77.2  
RSV subtype      
 A 49 83.1 132 79.0  
 B 10 16.9 35 21.0  
Pattern of infection      
 Nosocomial 10 16.9 12 7.2 0.03
 Community-acquired 49 83.1 155 92.8  
Median CRP (mg/L) 19.95   11.8   0.08
Median WCC (x 109/L) 10.9   11.2   0.95
Median percent band cells (%) 10.0   8.0   0.01
Median Hb (g/dl) 11.6   10.9   0.18
Median Platelet count (x 109/L) 382.0   424   0.01
  1. Underweight: Weight-for-age z-score <2; CRP C-reactive protein, WCC White cell count, Hb Haemoglobin