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Table 3 Top ten diagnoses for prescription of antibiotics

From: Antibiotic prescribing in public and private practice: a cross-sectional study in primary care clinics in Malaysia

   Public Private Overall
Diagnosis ICPC-2 n (%) Antibiotic prescribing ratea n (%) Antibiotic prescribing ratea n (%) Antibiotic prescribing ratea
Upper respiratory infection, acute R74 293 (38.7) 16.8 2564 (50.7) 57.7 2857 (49.2) 46.2
Acute tonsillitis R76 97 (12.8) 83.3 254 (5.0) 92.7 350 (6.0) 89.9
Cystitis/urinary infection U71 98 (13.0) 79.1 163 (3.2) 86.4 261 (4.5) 83.5
Gastroenteritis D73 21 (2.8) 9.1 205 (4.1) 23.6 226 (3.9) 20.5
Fever A03 12 (1.6) 3.6 202 (4.0) 32.3 213 (3.7) 22.4
Acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis R78 4 (0.6) 45.3 96 (1.9) 57.7 100 (1.7) 57.0
Asthma R96 11 (1.5) 3.1 63 (1.2) 14.8 74 (1.3) 9.5
Infectious disease, otherb A78 17 (2.3) 42.1 53 (1.0) 51.5 70 (1.2) 48.8
Boil/carbuncle S10 18 (2.4) 79.4 49 (1.0) 93.9 68 (1.2) 89.4
Skin infection, Otherc S76 7 (0.9) 74.3 38 (0.8) 93.0 45 (0.8) 89.5
  1. aProportion of patient encounters for specific diagnosis that resulted in antibiotic prescription
  2. bDiagnoses in this category included but not limited to abscess, sexually transmitted disease, bacterial infection
  3. cDiagnosis in this category refers to cellulitis