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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Soluble CD14 in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with markers of inflammation and axonal damage in untreated HIV-infected patients: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Untreated HIV-infected patients  
Characteristics Total sample (n = 62)
Age (years, range) 39 (24–68)
Gender (male, n(%)) 32 (52)
CD4+ cell count (cells/μL) 190 (98–530)
HIV RNA blood (copies/mL) 39587 (8799–172541)
HIV RNA CSF (copies/mL) 4690 (749–28150)
Leucocytes CSF (cells/μL) 5 (1–9)
Serum albumin (g/L) 39 (36–42)
CSF albumin (mg/L) 165 (136–243)
Albumin ratio 3.5 (4.1–5.9)
Mode of transmission (n (%)):  
 Heterosexual 49 (79)
 MSM 11 (18)
 IV drug users 2 (3)
AIDS defining diseases (n (%)):  
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia 1 (2)
 Wasting syndrome 2 (3)
 Tuberculosis 1 (2)
Biomarkers  
 LPS plasma (pg/mL) 102 (78–121)
 sCD14 plasma (ng/mL) 2382 (1941–3111)
 sCD14 CSF (ng/mL) 222 (161–373)
 Neopterin plasma (nmol/L) 12 (9–23)
 Neopterin CSF (nmol/L) 15 (8–22)
 NFL CSF (ng/L) 410 (250–635)
  1. Data is given as median (IQR), unless otherwise stated
  2. LPS lipopolysaccharide, NFL neurofilament light, CSF cerebrospinal fluid, MSM men who have sex with men, IV intravenous