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Table 5 Simple logistic regression analysis of factors related to patients’ life status among the hill tribe HIV/AIDS

From: A 20-year retrospective cohort study of TB infection among the Hill-tribe HIV/AIDS populations, Thailand

Factors Life status OR (90 % CI) p-value
Alive (%) Dead (%)
Tribal     
 Akha 343 (23.8) 1,098 (76.2) 1.02 (0.82-1.28) 0.1 36
 Karen 65 (24.0) 206 (76.0) 0.58 (0.43-0.77) 0.048*
 Kmong 59 (26.7) 162 (73.3) 0.55 (0.41-0.74) 0.045*
 Lahu 151 (24.5) 466 (75.5) 1.05 (0.82-1.35) 0.116
 Lisu 72 (25.5) 210 (74.5) 1.31 (0.97-1.77) 0.100
 Yao 59 (19.8) 239 (80.2) 1.00  
Sex     
 Male 355 (20.8) 1,355 (79.2) 1.00  
 Female 394 (27.7) 1,026 (72.3) 1.47 (1.28-1.68) <0.001*
Age (year)     
 <15 39 (17.0) 191 (83.0) 1.00  
 16-25 69 (15.4) 379 (84.6) 0.51 (0.37-0.69) 0.024*
 26-35 341 (24.4) 1,055 (75.6) 0.60 (0.46-0.79) 0.014*
 36-45 248 (31.4) 542 (68.6) 0.60 (0.45-0.80) <0.001*
 46-55 50 (25.4) 147 (74.6) 0.87 (0.60-1.27) 0.074
 >56 2 (2.9) 67 (97.1) 0.33 (0.20-0.53) 0.009*
Diagnosis     
 Asymptomatic 11 (2.9) 362 (97.1) 1.00  
 HIV 662 (32.1) 1,398 (67.9) 0.06 (0.04-0.12) <0.001*
 AIDS 76 (10.9) 621 (89.1) 0.25 (0.10-0.47) <0.001*
TB     
 No 142 (6.5) 2028 (93.5) 1.00  
 Yes 607 (63.2) 353 (36.8) 24.56 (20.51-29.41) <0.001*
Route of transmission     
 Sexual intercourse 710 (24.4) 2,203 (75.6) 1.00  
 Mother to child 31 (15.5) 169 (84.5) 2.05 (1.56-2.68) 0.038*
 IDU 8 (47.1) 9 (52.9) 8.45 (1.55-46.13) 0.003*
ARV     
 No 676 (32.4) 1412 (67.6) 0.15 (0.12-0.19) <0.001*
 Yes 73 (7.0) 969 (93.0) 1.00  
Occupation     
 Agriculture 282 (20.1) 1,121 (79.9) 1.00  
 Temporary employee 314 (31.2) 693 (68.8) 1.88 (1.66-2.19) <0.001*
 Trader 17 (29.8) 40 (70.2) 0.95 (0.60-1.50) 0.078
 Housewife 15 (15.3) 83 (84.7) 1.61 (1.10-2.36) 0.051*
 Children (<7 years) 10 (9.2) 99 (90.8) 1.03 (0.73-1.44) 0.067
 Students (7 > University) 31 (29.8) 73 (70.2) 5.46 (3.21-9.30) 0.020*
 Unemployed 25 (28.1) 64 (71.9) 0.31 (0.21-0.45) 0.053
 Others 5 (20.9) 208 (79.1) 1.74 (1.36-2.23) 0.047*
Year of diagnosis     
 1990-1995 2 (1.3) 152 (98.7) 0.03 (0.01-0.08) <0.001*
 1996-2000 15 (2.7) 533 (97.3) 0.06 (0.04-0.09) <0.001*
 2001-2005 389 (28.3) 985 (71.7 0.82 (0.71-0.95) 0.024*
 2006-2010 343 (32.5) 711 (67.5) 1.00  
  1. *Significance level p-value < 0.10