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Table 3 Simple logistic regression of the factors associated with of TB disease among the hill tribe HIV/AIDS

From: A 20-year retrospective cohort study of TB infection among the Hill-tribe HIV/AIDS populations, Thailand

Factors TB OR (90 % CI) p-value
No (%) Yes (%)
Tribal group     
 Akha 955 (66.3) 486 (33.7) 1.46 (1.15-1.85) 0.008*
 Karen 200 (73.8) 71 (26.2) 1.02 (0.74-1.39) 0.922
 Kmong 157 (71.0) 64 (29.0) 1.17 (0.84-1.62) 0.430
 Lahu 447 (72.4) 170 (27.6) 1.10 (0.84-1.42) 0.584
 Lisu 190 (67.4) 92 (32.6) 1.40 (1.03-1.87) 0.050*
 Yao 221 (74.2) 77 (25.8) 1.00  
Sex     
 Male 1,244 (72.7) 466 (27.3) 1.00  
 Female 926 (65.2) 494 (34.8) 1.42 (1.25-1.62) <0.001*
Age (year)     
 <15 184 (80.0) 46 (20.0) 1.00  
 16-25 345 (77.0) 103 (23.0) 1.19 (0.86-1.66) 0.374
 26-35 955 (68.4) 441 (31.6) 1.85 (1.39-2.46) <0.001*
 36-45 494 (62.5) 296 (37.5) 2.40 (1.78-3.23) <0.001*
 46-55 133 (67.5) 64 (32.5) 1.92 (1.33-2.78) 0.004*
 >56 59 (85.5) 10 (14.5) 0.67 (0.36-1.26) 0.306
Year of diagnosis     
 1990-1995 151 (98.1) 3 (1.9) 0.035 (0.01-0.09) <0.001*
 1996-2000 524 (95.6) 24 (4.4) 0.081 (0.06-0.12) 0.041*
 2001-2005 823 (59.9) 551 (40.1) 1.18 (1.03-1.35) 0.053*
 2006-2010 672 (63.8) 382 (36.2) 1.00  
Occupation     
 Agriculture 1,067 (76.1) 336 (23.9) 1.00  
 Temporary employee 594 (59.0) 413 (41.0) 2.21 (1.91-2.56) <0.001*
 Trader 32 (56.1) 25 (43.9) 2.48 (1.58-3.89) 0.001*
 Housewife 79 (80.6) 19 (19.4) 0.76 (0.49-1.17) 0.306
 Children 93 (85.3) 16 (14.7) 0.55 (0.35-0.86) 0.030*
 Student 73 (70.2) 31 (29.8) 1.35 (0.93-1.95) 0.181
 Unemployed 62 (69.7) 27 (30.3) 1.38 (0.93-2.05) 0.175
Others 170 (64.4) 94 (35.4) 1.74 (1.37-2.19) <0.001*
Diagnosis     
 Asymptomatic 353 (94.6) 20 (5.4) 1.00  
 HIV 1,220 (85.7) 840 (40.8) 12.15 (8.27-17. 86) <0.001*
 AIDS 597 (85.7) 100 (14.3) 2.95 (1.95-4.49) <0.001*
Route of transmission     
 Sexual intercourse 1,976 (68.9) 893 (31.1) 1.00  
 Mother to Child 185 (75.8) 59 (24.2) 0.57 (0.42-0.76) 0.002*
 IDU 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1) 1.96 (0.88-4.36) 0.170
ARV     
 No 858 (82.3) 184 (17.7) 2.76 (2.37-3.31) <0.001*
 Yes 1,312 (62.8) 776 (37.2) 1.00  
  1. *Significance level at p-value < 0.10