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Table 1 General characteristics of the hill tribe HIV/AIDS

From: A 20-year retrospective cohort study of TB infection among the Hill-tribe HIV/AIDS populations, Thailand

Characteristics Number Percent
Total 3,130 100.0
Tribal group   
 Akha 1,441 46.0
 Karen 271 8.7
 Kmong 221 7.1
 Lahu 617 19.7
 Lisu 282 9.0
 Yao 298 9.5
Sex   
 Male 1,710 54.6
 Female 1,420 45.4
Age (years)   
 <15 230 7.4
 16-25 448 14.3
 26-35 1,396 44.6
 36-45 790 25.2
 46-55 197 6.3
 >56 69 2.2
Max = 90, Min = 0, Mean = 31.83   
Occupation   
 Agriculture 1,403 44.8
 Temporary employee 1,007 32.2
 Trader 57 1.8
 Housewife 98 3.1
 Children (<7 years) 109 3.5
 Students (7 > university) 104 3.3
 Unemployed 89 2.8
 Others 263 8.4
Year of diagnosis   
 1990-1995 154 4.9
 1996-2000 548 17.5
 2001-2005 1,374 43.9
 2006-2010 1,054 33.7
Living areas (District)   
 Muang Chiang Rai 507 16.2
 Wiang Pa Pao 442 14.1
 Mae Chan 348 11.1
 Wiang Ken 123 3.9
 Chiang Saen 41 1.3
 Mae Suai 589 18.8
 Mae Fah Laung 808 25.8
 Phaya Menrai 28 0.9
 Doi Luang 40 1.3
 Phan 73 2.3
 Chiang Khong 58 1.9
 Wiang Chai 18 0.6
 Thoeng 14 0.5
 Khun Tan 2 0.1
 Mae Sai 14 0.5
 Mae Lao 25 0.8
Diagnosis as (classified in medical record)   
 Asymptomatic 373 11.9
 HIV (AIDS related complex) 2,060 65.8
 AIDS 697 22.3
Route of transmission   
 Sexual intercourse 2,913 93.1
 Mother to child 200 6.4
 IDU 17 0.5
Life status (last entry)   
 Alive 749 23.9
 Dead 2,381 76.1
Initiated ARV   
 Yes 1,042 33.3
 No 2,088 66.7
CD4 level (cell/ml.)   
 >200 285 9.1
 <200 12 0.4
 Unknown 2,833 90.5
Max = 281, Min = 32, Mean = 117.74   
TB disease   
 No 2,170 69.3
 Yes 960 30.7