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Table 3 Factors associated with a positive HIV test in consultations involving MSW (N = 2,688) at STI clinics —the Netherlands, 2006–2012

From: Young male sex workers are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections, a cross-sectional study from Dutch STI clinics, the Netherlands, 2006–2012

  Diagnoseda (n) Testeda (n) Percent Univariate analysis Multivariate analysisb
RR 95 % CI p value* RR adjc 95 % CI p value*
Age group       <0.001    <0.001
 ≥ 35 years 6 859 0.7 ref    ref   
 25–34 years 29 1 087 2.7 3.82 1.59–9.16 0.003 2.74 1.15–6.50 0.02
 15–24 years 31 742 4.2 5.98 2.51–14.26 <0.001 2.43 0.99–5.92 0.05
Country/Area of origin       0.07    
 The Netherlands 24 1 297 1.9 ref      
 Eastern Europe 18 587 3.1 1.66 0.91–3.03 0.10    
 Other European countries 6 118 5.1 2.75 1.14–6.59 0.02    
 Latin America 13 387 3.4 1.82 0.93–3.53 0.08    
 Sub-Saharan Africa 2 37 5.4 2.92 0.72–11.91 0.14    
 Asia 0 46 0.0      
 Turkey/Morocco 3 116 2.6 1.40 0.43–4.57 0.58    
 Other or unknown 0 97 0.0      
Self-defined sexual preference
 Heterosexual 1 793 0.1 ref    ref   
 Homosexual/Bisexual 64 1 881 3.4 26.98 3.75–194.21 <0.001 24.41 3.37–176.88 0.002
Intravenous drug user in the past 6 months
 No 66 2 585 2.6       
 Yes 0 52 0.0       
Previous bacterial STId in the past 2 years
 No 51 1 999 2.6 ref      
 Yes 12 344 3.5 1.37 0.74–2.54 0.32    
Co-infection with a bacterial STI
 No 28 2 224 1.3 ref    ref   
 Yes 37 452 8.2 6.50 4.02–10.51 <0.001 4.84 2.96–7.90 <0.001
Previous HIV test result
 Negative test 42 2 060 2.0 ref    ref   
 No test 21 576 3.6 1.79 1.07–2.99 0.03 2.59 1.56–4.29 <0.001
  1. *Bold numbers are significant p value <0.05
  2. a77 missing data out of a total of 2688 consultations in MSW (3 %): 3 for country/area of origin, 14 for self- defined sexual preference, 51 for injecting drug use, 345 for previous bacterial STI, 12 for STI co-infection, 52 for previous HIV test
  3. bVariables included in the multivariate analysis: age group, self- defined sexual preference, co-infection with bacterial STI and previous HIV test result
  4. cAdjusted for age group, self- defined sexual preference, co-infection with bacterial STI and previous HIV test result
  5. dChlamydia, gonorrhoea and/or syphilis