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Table 2 Association of morbidity indicators in the school children with and various predictors. The coefficients reflect either mean difference (BMI) or odds ratios from logistic regression analysis between a given factor level and its corresponding baseline group. Results from the multivariable analyses are presented in the text

From: Schistosoma haematobium and soil-transmitted Helminths in Tana Delta District of Kenya: infection and morbidity patterns in primary schoolchildren from two isolated villages

  BMI (n = 231) Anaemia Reported blood in urine Macro- haematuria Micro- haematuria Eosinophilia Bladder pathology Upper urinary tract pathology Total pathology
No. examined/no. affected - 230/141 211/155 262/165 262/181 217/201 219/69 219/23 219/83
Ozi school −0.34 1.70 1.53 0.65 0.85 1.24 1.15 0.64 0.82
Boys 0.11 1.03 0.91 2.14** 1.61 2.05 1.52 1.21 1.50
Age 10–12 years 0.84*** 0.54* 1.87** 1.80** 1.87* 2.19 1.24 2.09 1.44
S. haematobium          
 Medium: 35–231 0.12 1.87 4.67*** 10.71*** 16.13*** 1.34 2.85** 0.58 2.17*
 High: 232–1000 −0.48 2.08* 4.32*** 279.82*** ne 2.34 4.40*** 3.13* 4.40***
Hookworm          
 Low:7–106 0.76* 1.17 0.29* 1.19 1.72 2.26 0.99 0.97 0.84
 Medium: 113–453 0.23 1.60 0.40 1.34 1.65 3.44 1.85 0.90 1.63
 High: 460–3786 −0.06 4.75*** 0.32* 1.87 1.59 5.34* 1.35 1.53 1.42
T. trichiura          
 Low:7–85 0.46 1.24 0.44 1.38 1.23 0.42 0.67 1.31 0.75
 Medium: 92–290 0.68 1.80 1.01 0.80 0.53 0.61 0.78 0.16 0.70
 High: 297–21231 0.51 1.63 0.50 0.75 0.70 0.56 0.62 2.53 0.88
A. lumbricoides          
 Low: 7–43 −0.03 1.21 0.95 1.96 1.51 0.52 0.95 0.24 0.83
 Medium: 50–297 −0.08 1.55 0.46 0.86 0.47* 1.15 1.41 0.78 1.22
 High: 311–18789 −0.67* 1.21 0.78 0.82 0.83 1.05 0.99 1.79 1.45
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001