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Table 3 Characteristics of 13,663 patients with a first-time hospital-based diagnosis of HZ, Denmark, 1994–2012

From: Hospital-based herpes zoster diagnoses in Denmark: rate, patient characteristics, and all-cause mortality

Characteristic No. Percent
Age group (years)a   
 0–9 492 (3.6)
 10–19 368 (2.7)
 20–29 623 (4.6)
 30–39 772 (5.7)
 40–49 885 (6.5)
 50–59 1650 (12)
 60–69 2357 (17)
 70–79 3094 (23)
 80–89 2859 (21)
  ≥ 90 563 (4.1)
Sex   
 Women 7823 (57)
 Men 5840 (43)
Any of the comorbidities identified 8067 (59)
Charlson Comorbidity Index level   
 None 6058 (44)
 Moderate 2364 (17)
 Severe 2374 (17)
 Very severe 2867 (21)
 Comorbidities in the Charlson Comorbidity Index   
 Myocardial infarction 921 (6.7)
 Congestive heart failure 1050 (7.7)
 Peripheral vascular disease 803 (5.9)
 Cerebrovascular disease 1446 (11)
 Dementia 256 (1.9)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 1911 (14)
 Connective tissue disease 983 (7.2)
 Ulcer disease 848 (6.2)
 Mild liver disease 171 (1.3)
 Diabetes without end-organ damage 918 (6.7)
 Hemiplegia 57 (0.42)
 Moderate to severe renal disease 643 (4.7)
 Diabetes with end-organ damage 419 (3.1)
 Non-metastatic solid tumor 1755 (13)
 Leukemia 489 (3.6)
 Lymphoma 834 (6.1)
 Moderate to severe liver disease 62 (0.45)
 Metastatic solid tumor 331 (2.4)
 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome 153 (1.1)
 Comorbidities associated with immune dysregulation 4942 (36)
  Stem cell or bone marrow transplant 273 (2.0)
  Solid organ transplant 152 (1.1)
  Human immunodeficiency virus infection 210 (1.5)
  Primary immunodeficiency 61 (0.45)
  Any cancer 2821 (21)
  Any autoimmune disease 2293 (17)
   Hematologic 73 (0.53)
   Endocrine 614 (4.5)
   Central nervous system 67 (0.49)
   Gastrointestinal 274 (2.0)
   Skin 315 (2.3)
   Connective tissue disease 1080 (7.9)
   Pulmonary 31 (0.23)
   Ocular 94 (0.69)
  1. Abbreviations: HZ herpes zoster
  2. aOverall, the age range was 0 to 103 years. Median age was 68 years: 71 years in women and 65 years in men