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Table 3 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses of factors associated with initiation of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected men who have sex with men by CD4 count in Beijing, China

From: Predictors of antiretroviral therapy initiation: a cross-sectional study among Chinese HIV-infected men who have sex with men

  CD4 count <350 cells/μL (n=103)a CD4 count ≥350 cells/μL (n=135)
Factors Initiated ART, %
(n=38)
Crude OR
(95 % CI)
Adjusted OR
(95 % CI)
Initiated ART, %
(n=24)
Crude OR
(95 % CI)
Adjusted OR
(95 % CI)
Age in years; Median (IQR) 34 (29–39) 1.04 (0.99,1.09)* 1.02 (0.96,1.09) 41 (35–45) 1.18 (1.10,1.27)*** 1.26 (1.11,1.44)***
Marital status       
 Currently unmarried 29.4 1.00 1.00 10.8 1.00 1.00
 Currently married 51.4 2.54 (1.09,5.91)** 2.50 (1.07, 5.87)** 39.4 5.38 (2.11,13.73)*** 4.21 (1.60,11.06)***
Beijing Hukou       
 No 28.2 1.00 1.00 5.8 1.00 1.00
 Yes 42.2 1.86 (0.79,4.37)* 2.02 (0.74,5.50) 25.3 5.53 (1.56,19.63)*** 4.93 (1.25,19.33)**
Duration of living in Beijing (year)       
 <5 26.7 1.00 1.00 9.3 1.00 1.00
 ≥5 44.8 2.23 (0.96,5.17)* 1.91 (0.77, 4.75) 23.5 3.00 (1.05,8.61)** 1.98 (0.28,14.04)
Time from HIV infection to survey (month)       
 <15 10.9 1.00 1.00 1.5 1.00 1.00
 ≥15 57.9 11.28 (3.88,32.78)*** 10.71(3.66,31.32)*** 34.9 36.37(4.74,279.22)*** 22.4(2.79,180.01)***
Ever had AIDS-like clinical symptomsb       
 No 33.8    13.0 1.00 1.00
 Yes 46.2 NS NS 31.4 3.07 (1.22,7.71)** 3.97 (1.32,13.96)**
Had unprotected insertive anal sex with men in past 6 months       
 No 41.2 1.00 1.00 16.3   
 Yes 0 - - 4.6 NS NS
Had unprotected receptive anal sex with men in past 6 months       
 No 37.2 1.00 1.00 25.6 1.00 1.00
 Yes 7.1 0.13 (0.02,1.09)* 0.22 (0.02,2.13) 3.0 0.09 (0.01,0.75)** 0.11 (0.01,1.40)
History of sexually transmitted diseases       
 No 30.2    7.0 1.00 1.00
 Yes 42.1 NS NS 27.9 5.14 (1.63,16.16)*** 4.93 (1.25,19.43)**
Syphilis co-infection       
 No 23.1 1.00 1.00 11.1 1.00 1.00
 Yes 45.3 2.76 (1.13,6.74)** 2.58 (1.04,6.37)** 22.2 2.29 (0.84,6.20)* 1.39 (0.41,4.72)
  1. IQR inter quartile range, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, NS not selected for logistic regression analyses because P>0.2 in Table 2
  2. aCD4 count <350 cells/μL was eligible for free antiretroviral therapy at the time of the study
  3. bEver had at least one of these clinical symptoms in the past 6 months: severe weight loss (>10 %), fever (>1 month, continuing or intermittent), chronic diarrhea (>1 month), severe bacterial infection (e.g. pneumonia), oral candidiasis, oral leukoplakia, tuberculosis other stage III or stage IV symptoms
  4. *P<0.2, **P<0.05, ***P<0.01