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Table 3 mRNA expression levels of costimulatory molecules in inflammatory infiltrates of the liver in cystic echinococcosis, steatosis and chronic hepatitis biopsy samples

From: Characterization of the inflammatory cell infiltrate and expression of costimulatory molecules in chronic echinococcus granulosus infection of the human liver

Costimulatory Molecules CE SH CH   P Value  
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD CE vs SH CE vs CH SH vs CH
CTLA4 0.073 ± 0.099 0.182 ± 0.233 5.293 ± 16.949 0.1 0.07 0.1
CD28 0.087 ± 0.018 24.361 ± 22.860 71.128 ± 60.365 0.0001 <0.00001 0.1
CD80 50.779 ± 67.682 54.731 ± 74.778 67.712 ± 98.575 0.5 0.1 0.5
CD86 61.528 ± 117.973 27.526 ± 33.573 62.451 ± 89.896 0.2 0.5 0.5
  1. Expression of costimulatory molecules was quantified by calculating the ratio of target mRNA level to a background houskeeping β-actin mRNA and was defined as mean ± SD for three sample groups: cystic echinococcosis (CE), steatosis (SH) and chronic hepatitis (CH) (presented in bold)