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Table 2 Association of selected risk factors with Salmonella infection in diarrheic out-patients in Addis Ababa health centers

From: Non-typhoidal Salmonella serotypes, antimicrobial resistance and co-infection with parasites among patients with diarrhea and other gastrointestinal complaints in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variable Crude odds Ratio and 95 % confidence interval Adjusted odds Ratio and 95 % confidence interval
Sex     
 Male 1.03 0.61–1.74 1.02 0.57–1.85
 Female     
Consumption of raw meat     
 No 1.1 0.58–2.08 0.86 0.55–1.36
 Yes     
Consumption of raw milk     
 No 1.28 0.53–3.01 1.29 0.51–3.26
 Yes     
Consumption of raw vegetable     
 No 1.92 1.36–2.70 1.91 1.29–2.83
 Yes     
Vomiting     
 No 1.11 0.37–3.32 0.93 0.34–2.52
 Yes     
Age     
 0–5 years     
 6–18 years 1.14 0.41–3.13 1.03 0.38–2.81
 19–45 1.22 0.53–2.81 1.02 0.44–2.35
 >45 1.32 0.32–5.57 1.27 0.33–4.93
Stool consistency     
 Mucoid     
 Loose 2.28 0.90–5.76 2.33 0.91–5.97
 Watery 2.99 1.23–7.27 3.05 1.22–7.60
Entamoeba histolytica infection     
 Positive 1.85 0.84–4.08 1.77 0.85–3.67
 Negative     
Giardia lamblia infection     
 Positive 0.64 0.25–1.60 0.64 0.26–1.56
 Negative