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Table 4 aAssociation between microbiological contamination of clinicians’ mobile phones and socio-demographic factors, workload, and mobile phone hygiene practices among 198 clinicians in ICUs, PICUs, and NCUs in public secondary care hospitals in Kuwait, 2013

From: Microbiological contamination of mobile phones of clinicians in intensive care units and neonatal care units in public hospitals in Kuwait

   Total Contamination
   n Prevalence % Unadjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI p
Hospitalb      0.126
  Al-Adan 49 61.2 0.36 [0.12−1.11]  
  Al-Farwaniya 43 81.4 0.99 [0.29−3.43]  
  Al-Jahra 25 84.0 1.19 [0.28−5.06]  
  Al-Sabah 22 63.6 0.40 [0.11−1.46]  
  Mubarak Al-Kabeer 24 70.8 0.55 [0.15−2.05]  
  Maternity 27 81.5 1 Reference  
Unit      0.213
  ICU 61 72.1 0.66 [0.31−1.41]  
  PICU 44 65.9 0.50 [0.22−1.11]  
  NCU 93 79.6 1 Reference  
Gender      0.276
  Male 151 76.2 1.50 [.73−3.07]  
  Female 47 68.1 1 Reference  
Age 181   1.00 [0.96−1.04] 0.982
Nationality      0.167
  Kuwaiti 30 80.0 2.40 [0.80−7.21]  
  Non-Kuwaiti: Arab 128 76.6 1.96 [0.92−4.19]  
  Non-Kuwaiti: non-Arab 40 62.5 1 Reference  
Rank      0.619
  Consultant/senior specialist/specialist/senior registrar 66 77.3 0.85 [0.212−3.413]  
  Registrar 117 71.8 0.64 [0.17−2.40]  
  Assistant registrar/trainee 15 80.0 1 Reference  
Number of patients examined per day      0.569
  Less than 10 patients 124 71.8 0.68 [0.21−2.19]  
  10 to 15 patients 40 75.0 0.80 [0.22−2.98]  
  15 to 20 patients 15 86.7 1.73 [0.27−11.05]  
  More than 20 patients 19 78.9 1 Reference  
Answering mobile phone calls inside ICU, PICU or NCU      0.387
  Never 12 58.3 0.56 [0.15−2.11]  
  Sometimes 143 76.2 1.28 [0.59−2.78]  
  Always 42 71.4 1 Reference  
Ever disinfected mobile phone      0.033
  No 133 78.9 2.05 [1.06−3.96]  
  Yes 65 64.6 1 Reference  
Believe mobile phones play role in spread of infection      0.607
  No 71 71.8 0.84 [0.44−1.62]  
  Yes 125 75.2 1 Reference  
Support banning mobile phones use in ICUs, PICUs or NCUs      0.291
  No 138 71.7 0.68 [0.32−1.4]  
  Yes 57 78.9 1 Reference  
  1. aICUs: intensive care units; PICUs: pediatric intensive care units; NCUs: neonatal care units
  2. bWe swabbed 8 mobile phones from 8 clinicians in Al-Amiri hospital; all of them were positive for contamination