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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Diagnostic accuracy of the rapid urine lipoarabinomannan test for pulmonary tuberculosis among HIV-infected adults in Ghana–findings from the DETECT HIV-TB study

  All Confirmed TB Possible TB Non-TB
n = 469 n = 55 n = 45 n = 369
Enrolment site     
 Out patients 399 (85 %) 40 (73 %) 20 (44 %) 339 (92 %)
 In patients 70 (15 %) 15 (27 %) 25 (56 %) 30 (8 %)
Median Age in years (IQR) 38 (31–45) 37 (29–44) 37 (33–41) 38 (32–45)
Female 301 (64 %) 24 (44 %) 29 (64 %) 241 (65 %)
Median CD4 (IQR)* 127 (35–256) 92 (41–176) 46 (12–176) 142 (41–282)
 CD4 < 100 195 (43 %) 29 (55 %) 28 (65 %) 138 (39 %)
 CD4 > =100 259 (57 %) 24 (45 %) 15 (35 %) 220 (61 %)
Mean MEWS (SD) 3 (1.95) 5 (2.20) 4 (2.37) 3 (1.59)
 MEWS > 4 101 (22 %) 35 (63 %) 19 (42 %) 47 (13 %)
 MEWS < = 4 368 (78 %) 20 (36 %) 26 (58 %) 322 (87 %)
Median HGB g/dl** (IQR) 9.7 (8.1-11.2) 8.2 (6.2-9.6) 8.0 (6–10) 10 (9–12)
Median BMI (IQR) 20 (18–22) 18 (16–19) 19 (16–21) 21 (18–23)
TB suspects, WHO symptom screen 426 (91 %) 53 (96 %) 43 (96 %) 330 (90 %)
 Current Cough 222 (48) 42 (76 %) 28 (62 %) 152 (41 %)
 Fever 238 (52 %) 45 (82 %) 28 (62 %) 165 (45 %)
 Weight loss 390 (83 %) 51 (93 %) 39 (87 %) 300 (81 %)
 Night Sweats 161 (34 %) 26 (49 %) 16 (36 %) 119 (32 %)
Previous history of TB 28 (6 %) 4 (7 %) 2 (4 %) 22 (6 %)
Overall mortality*** 81 (17 %) 18 (33 %) 23 (51 %) 40 (11 %)
  1. *CD4 count missing for 15 participants
  2. **HGB missing for 39 participants
  3. ***80 participants were lost to follow-up at 6 months and 11 transferred out
  4. IQR = Interquartile range, SD = Standard Deviation
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