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Table 3 Proportion of respondents with knowledge about RVF transmission, symptoms and prevention

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices on Rift Valley fever among agro pastoral communities in Kongwa and Kilombero districts, Tanzania

Variable Total Kongwa Kilombero P value
N = 452 N = 237 N = 215
Vector spreading RVF
Mosquito 40 (8.8) 24 (10.1) 16 (7.4) 0.31
Housefly 7 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 7 (3.3) <0.01
Tsetse fly 28 (6.2) 6 (2.5) 22 (10.2) <0.01
Tick 4 (0.9) 4 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 0.06
Symptoms of RVF in animals
Abortion in pregnant animals 7 (1.5) 6 (2.5) 1 (0.5) 0.09
High young animal mortality 5 (1.1) 5 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 0.03
Wasting 39 (8.6) 26 (11.0) 13 (6.0) 0.06
Sudden death 73 (16.3) 52 (21.9) 21 (9.8) <0.0001
Diarrhoea 9 (2.0) 5 (2.1) 4 (1.9) 0.88
Transmission in humans
Mosquito bite 6 (1.3) 3 (1.3) 3 (1.4) 0.93
From another person 12 (2.7) 8 (3.4) 4 (1.9) 0.33
Consuming meat of dead/sick animal 330 (73.7) 171 (73.4) 159 (74.0) 0.89
Consuming milk of sick animal 126 (27.9) 78 (32.9) 48 (22.3) 0.01
Touching aborted foetus 2 (0.4) 2 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 0.19
Contact with infected animal blood 18 (4.0) 11 (4.6) 7 (3.3) 0.48
Symptoms of RVF in humans
Headache 7 (1.5) 4 (1.7) 3 (1.4) 0.80
Fever 41 (9.1) 24 (10.1) 17 (7.9) 0.42
Muscle/joint pain 3 (0.7) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.5) 0.69
Wasting 7 (1.5) 3 (1.3) 4 (1.9) 0.61
Jaundice 3 (0.7) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.9) 0.51
Haemorrhage 70 (15.5) 44 (18.6) 26 (12.1) 0.06
Preventive measures of RVF
Thorough boiling of milk 148 (32.0) 94 (39.7) 54 (25.1) <0.01
Thorough cooking of meat 149 (33.0) 96 (40.5) 53 (24.7) <0.0001
Avoid eating dead carcasses 245 (54.2) 124 (52.3) 121 (56.3) 0.39
Use of protective gear 10 (2.2) 7 (1.4) 3 (3.0) 0.24
Avoid mosquito contact 3 (0.7) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.5) 0.69
Avoid contact with aborted foetus/dead animal 27 (6.0) 15 (6.3) 12 (5.6) 0.75