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Table 2 Distribution of demographic variables among live-poultry market workers by levels of risk in the study period after LPAI H5N2 outbreaks (Stage I) in Taiwan, 2007–2009

From: Changing risk awareness and personal protection measures for low to high pathogenic avian influenza in live-poultry markets in Taiwan, 2007 to 2012

   High risk§ Moderate risk§ Low risk§  
Variables   N = 73 % N = 113 % N = 244 % p-value
Age (Years) 17–40 24 32.9 34 30.1 83 32.8 0.95
  41–64 45 61.6 74 65.5 149 62.3
  65 4 5.5 5 4.4 12 4.9
Gender Male 44 60.3 65 57.5 117 48.0 0.09
  Female 29 39.7 48 42.5 127 52.0
Geographical Areas North 33 45.2 40 35.4 122 50.0 0.01*
  Central 16 21.9 38 33.6 50 20.5
  South 8 11.0 11 9.7 42 17.2
  East 16 21.9 24 21.2 30 12.3
Education Elementary 22 30.1 20 17.7 47 19.3 0.27
  Junior high 16 21.9 40 35.4 77 31.6
  Senior high 30 41.1 44 38.9 95 38.9
  College 5 6.8 9 8.0 25 10.2
  1. In Stage I, the mean, median, and range of age for CRs were 43.6 ± 11.4, 44.0, and 18–84, respectively whereas those for live poultry market workers (LPMWs) were 45.8 ± 11.3, 47.0, and 17–87, respectively. We used a chi-square test for the statistical analyses in Table 1. There was no significant difference between these two groups [Table 1]
  2. The data within the percentages of community residents related to the different demographical variables in the Stage I survey served as the reference group in this Tables 1 and 2
  3. §High Risk: butcher, raw chicken/duck sellers. Moderate Risk: Sellers of cooked chicken/duck, beef, pork, mutton, and/or other raw meat. Low Risk: Market cleaners, administrative officers, and those selling flowers, dry goods, vegetables and fruits. *p-value < 0.05