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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and antenatal syphilis screening status of women recruited at delivery

From: Factors associated with failure to screen for syphilis during antenatal care in Ghana: a case control study

Characteristic Unscreened women N = 160 n (%)* Screened women N = 327 n (%)* P-value
Age group, years    0.83
18-19 22 (13.8) 33 (10.1)  
20-24 44 (27.5) 92 (28.1)  
25-29 45 (28.1) 99 (30.3)  
30-34 26 (16.3) 54 (16.5)  
35-46 23 (14.4) 49 (15.0)  
Mean (standard deviation[SD]) 26.6 (6.2) 27 (6.2) 0.47
Marital status    0.15
Single 12 (7.5) 14 (4.3)  
Married/cohabiting 148 (92.5) 313 (95.7)  
Religion    0.14
Christian 112 (70.0) 249 (76.1)  
Muslim/other 48 (30.0) 78 (23.9)  
Education    0.04
No formal education 33 (20.6) 41 (12.5)  
Basic education 115 (71.9) 249 (76.2)  
At least secondary education 12 (7.5) 37 (11.3)  
Occupation of woman    0.45
Professional 3 (1.9) 13 (4.0)  
Vocational 43 (26.9) 75 (22.9)  
Trading/business 68 (42.5) 140 (42.8)  
Manual/farmer 13 (8.1) 39 (11.9)  
Unemployed 33 (20.6) 60 (18.4)  
Occupation of spouse    0.06
Professional 13 (8.1) 29 (8.9)  
Vocational 76 (47.5) 144 (44.0)  
Trading/business 31 (19.4) 95 (29.1)  
Manual/farmer 36 (22.5) 57 (17.4)  
Unemployed 4 (2.5) 2 (0.6)  
Mode of travel to the clinic    0.11
By foot 47 (29.4) 74 (22.6)  
Self/public transport 113 (70.6) 253 (77.4)  
Average travel cost per visit to the clinic (Ghana cedis)    0.002
<0.50 34 (30.4) 26 (14.3)  
0.5- < 1.00 55 (49.1) 146 (58.2)  
1.00+ 23 (20.5) 69 (27.5)  
Average travel time to the clinic    0.32
<30 minutes 102 (63.8) 193 (59.0)  
30+ minutes 58 (36.2) 134 (41.0)  
Registered with the National Health Insurance Scheme    0.48
Yes 69 (43.1) 152 (46.5)  
No 91 (56.9) 175 (53.5)  
Registered with the Free Maternity Care Scheme    0.09
Yes 139 (86.9) 300 (91.7)  
No 21 (13.1) 27 (8.3)  
  1. * Values are given as number (percentage) unless otherwise indicated.