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Table 3 Pooled proportions and heterogeneity estimates of drug resistant isolates

From: A meta-analysis of the proportion of animal Salmonella isolates resistant to drugs used against human salmonellosis in Ethiopia

Host Drug Pooled estimate (%) Heterogeneity
p (95% CI) Z-p Q-p Q/df I2
Ruminants Ampa 17.28 (7.28, 37.36) 0.003 0.000 5.21 80.8
Sxtb 4.35 (1.57, 11.45) 0.000 0.370 1.5 4.5
MDRa 19.12 (8.40, 37.87) 0.003 0.000 6.3 84.1
Pigs Amp 3.95 (2,14, 7.20) 0.000 0.317 1.00 0.2
  Sxt 1.12 (0.36, 3.43) 0.000 0.946 0.0 0.0
  Cip 12.55 (1.34, 60.32) 0.107 0.000 29.32 96.6
  MDR 50.98 (17.52, 83.59) 0.961 0.000 33.9 97.0
All animals Chl 2.24 (1.38, 3.61) 0.000 0.366 1.09 8.3
Cro 1.25 (0.52, 2.98) 0.000 0.883 0.39 0.0
  1. Amp = ampicillin; Chl = chloramphenicol; Cip = ciprofloxacin; Cro = ceftriaxone; df = degrees of freedom; I2 = inverse variance index; Q = Cochran’s Q; Q-p = probability of Cochran’s Q test; Sxt = co-trimoxazole; Z-p = probability of Z test.
  2. aThe estimate is for slaughtered ruminants.
  3. bThe estimate is for true ruminants.