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Table 2 Distribution of viruses among SARI patients using single and multiplex PCR

From: Identification of viral and bacterial pathogens from hospitalized children with severe acute respiratory illness in Lusaka, Zambia, 2011–2012: a cross-sectional study

Singleplex PCR (n = 297) Multiplex PCR (n = 199)
  Single infection Co-infection Total   Single infection Co-Infection  
Viral pathogen n (%)* n (%) Viral pathogen n (%) n (%) Total
HRV 34 (11.4) 23 (7.7) 57 HRV 3 (1.5) 45 (22.1) 48
HPIV 1 6 (2.0) 2 (0.7) 8 HPIV 1 0 (0) 15 (7.5) 15
HPIV 2 4 (1.3) 4 (1.3) 8 HPIV 3 21 (0.1) 10 (5.0) 31
HPIV 3 3 (1.3) 1 (0.3) 4 Cor43 1 (0.5) 22 (11.0) 23
RSV 24 (8.1) 23 (7.7) 45 HPIV 4 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0
HADV 27 (9.1) 26 (8.7) 50 RSVA + B 8 (4.0) 59 (29.6) 67
HMPV 11 (3.7) 3 (1.3) 14 CMV 58 (29.1) 357 (179.4) 415
     HADV 4 (2.0) 69 (34.7) 73
HMPV 0 (0.0) 41 (20.6) 41
     EV/PV 1 (0.5) 12 (6.0) 13
     COR 229 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0
     COR 63 1 (0.5) 22 (11.1) 23
     COR HKU 0 (0.0) 1 (0.0) 1
     HBoV 0 (0.0) 77 (38.7) 77
Total 109 (36.7) 82 (27.6) 184 Total 78 (39.2) 730 (366.8) 808
  1. *The total number of specimens tested by each assay was used as the denominator for each percentage and the total of co-infections is high than total tested because of instances were one virus had multiple infections with other pathogens.