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Table 3 Determinants of high score of knowledge on HPV infection and vaccination; Italy, 2012

From: Exploring reasons for non-vaccination against human papillomavirus in Italy

Variables   Univariate analysis Logistic regression
n (%) ORcrude 95%CI ORadj 95%CI
Geografical area North 747 (55.0) 2.06 1.42 - 2.99 1.79 1.17 - 2.75
  Centre 115 (56.7) 2.20 1.40 - 3.47 1.73 1.04 - 2.89
  South 48 (37.2) 1 - 1 -
Nationality Italian 901 (55.4) 4.68 2.52 - 8.69 3.03 1.55 - 5.91
  Foreign 13 (21.0) 1 - 1 -
Other paediatric vaccinations All proposed vaccinations 724 (53.0)     
Only some vaccinations /None 186 (58.1)     
Adolescents (>16 years) in the family ≥1 868 (54.8)     
0 43 (39.1)     
Parents' education level At least 1 parent with high school or college degree 821 (59.7) 3.76 2.87 - 4.92 3.10 2.33 - 4.15
Other 88 (28.3) 1 - 1 -
Parents' age at least 1 parent <45 years 464 (50.5) 1.34 1.10 - 1.62   
  Other 440 (57.7) 1 -   
Parents' status of employment At least 1 parent employed 863 (54.5)     
Other 22 (45.8)     
Parents' smoking habit At least 1 non/ex smoker parent 808 (55.2) 1.89 1.27 - 2.81   
Other 97 (46.0) 1 -   
Mother' attitude toward Pap test Regularly undergone 849 (58.7) 3.99 2.86 - 5.57 2.66 1.85 - 3.84
Done once or never 52 (26.3) 1 - 1  
Number of source of information 0-1 156 (33.0) 1 - 1 -
2-3 525 (58.3) 2.84 2.25 - 3.59 2.30 1.79 - 2.96
  ≥ 4 229 (72.9) 5.47 4.00 - 7.49 3.96 2.84 - 5.53
  1. Determinants of high score of knowledge * on HPV infection and vaccination; Italy, 2012.
  2. *We computed a dichotomized knowledge score based on the number of correct answers on HPV infection and vaccination: “high” if > 5 correct answers; “low” if > 5 correct answers